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Center Publications

April 13, 2016

Cleaning Up America’s Nuclear Weapons Complex: 2015 Update for Governors

NGA’s new report Cleaning Up America’s Nuclear Weapons Complex: 2015 Update for Governors takes a look at the important role governors play in overseeing the nuclear cleanup effort by ensuring the DOE, their partner in the effort, adopts responsible disposal decisions that are coordinated with states.


March 02, 2016

Top Trends in State Economic Development

NGA’s new paper Revisiting Top Trends in State Economic Development takes a look at the policies and programs states can implement to accelerate economic growth and create jobs.


January 15, 2016

A Governor’s Guide to Criminal Justice

A Governor’s Guide to Criminal Justice is a tool for governors and their criminal justice policy advisors to use when implementing effective policies and programs in areas such as corrections, parole and probation and juvenile justice.


January 11, 2016

Medicaid Health Care Purchasing Compendium

The Medicaid Health Care Purchasing Compendium is a reference guide for states facing the ongoing challenge of managing the costs of their Medicaid programs while ensuring beneficiaries have access to quality health care.


October 29, 2015

Health Investments that Pay Off: Strategies to Improve Oral Health

Governors who want to address oral health needs should consider interventions that show strong evidence of improving oral health outcomes.


October 27, 2015

Expanding Student Success: A Primer on Competency-Based Education from Kindergarten through Higher Education

The education system of the United States is not adequately preparing a large proportion of its students for college, career-training and, ultimately, jobs that provide enough income to support a middle class standard of living.


September 23, 2015

Using Data to Better Serve the Most Complex Patients

Across the country, health care systems continue to grapple with how best to serve patients with the greatest needs.


August 26, 2015

Tackling Intergenerational Poverty: How Governors Can Advance Coordinated Services for Low-Income Parents and Children

Governors are in a unique position to align programs and policies for children and their parents through “two-generation” strategies since they oversee most of the state and federal programs for low-income families.


August 24, 2015

Tracking Graduates in the Workforce: Connecting Education and Labor Market Data

Governors play a central role in ensuring that public educational institutions provide students with the knowledge and abilities required for a successful life and career.


August 12, 2015

Social Impact Bonds for Public Health Programs: An Overview

Social impact bonds (SIB) are a financing mechanism that states use to support innovative programs focusing on the underlying social determinants of health.


July 24, 2015

Delivering Results: Finding and Building Effective State Leaders

The 2014-2015 chair’s initiative, Delivering Results, focused on helping governors identify strategies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of state government. One critical aspect of improving the performance of state government is to find and develop top-level state leaders who are focused on achieving results and who can cultivate an organizational culture supportive of that goal.


July 24, 2015

Delivering Results: Creating and Refining Results-Oriented Regulations

The 2014-2015 chair’s initiative, Delivering Results, focused on helping governors identify strategies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of state government. Many states have launched efforts to streamline regulatory processes to help residents and businesses have better and easier experiences with state government and to promote economic growth.


July 24, 2015

Delivering Results: Data-Driven Approaches to Delivering Better Outcomes

The 2014-2015 chair’s initiative, Delivering Results, focused on helping governors identify strategies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of state government. One way in which governors are driving results in their states is through enhanced use of data and evidence.


July 24, 2015

Delivering Results: Core Principles

The 2014-2015 chair’s initiative, Delivering Results, focused on helping governors identify strategies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of state government. In order to deliver results to individuals and busi­nesses in the state, governors can use any number of specific strategies, including recruiting and hiring ef­fective state government leaders, streamlining regula­tions, implementing lean process improvement, and using data and evidence to inform budgeting.


July 17, 2015

Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Update

The NGA Center for Best Practices’ Maternal and Child Health Update (MCH Update) has a longstanding history of collecting and sharing detailed state-level information on maternal and child health programs and outcomes.


July 16, 2015

Enhancing The Role of Fusion Centers in Cybersecurity

Fusion centers were created after the 9/11 terrorist attacks to facilitate the type of multijurisdictional information sharing needed to prevent another strike on the homeland.


July 09, 2015

State Practices to Protect Drinking Water Resources While Developing Shale Energy

Governors and other state policymakers are at the forefront of efforts to protect drinking water resources from potential risks associated with shale energy development.


July 01, 2015

Governors’ Roadmap for Improving the Energy Efficiency of Multifamily Buildings

Improving the energy efficiency of multifamily buildings can help governors achieve their goals of reducing consumers’ energy costs, strengthening electricity system reliability, and lowering emissions.


June 25, 2015

Improving Educational Outcomes: How State Policy Can Support School Principals as Instructional Leaders

As states are pursuing various education reforms necessary to support the implementation of more rigorous standards that will more accurately measure students readiness for college or career training, governors and other state leaders have many opportunities to make policy decisions that will support principals so that they can improve the quality of teaching and learning in every school across a state.


June 15, 2015

Strategies for Improving Outcomes For Justice-Involved Youth

Strengthening juvenile justice systems and improving outcomes for justice-involved youth is a top priority of the nation’s governors, as detailed in a paper released by the National Governors Association.


April 15, 2015

Health Investments that Pay Off: Strategies for Addressing Asthma in Children

Asthma is one of the most common chronic conditions in the United States, affecting nearly one in 11 children.


April 09, 2015

The Governors Speak, 2015

In their 2015 State of the State addresses, governors emphasized the importance of workforce and transportation investment, along with support for education funding and continued economic growth. Governors also focused on increasing transparency and efficiency of state government functions, addressing prescription drug abuse and reforming criminal justice systems.


February 25, 2015

New Hepatitis C Treatments: Considerations and Potential Strategies for States

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) convened an expert roundtable to discuss the opportunities and challenges presented by new hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments and other pharmaceutical therapies known as high-impact drugs.


January 13, 2015

The Expanding Role of Pharmacists in a Transformed Health Care System

Pharmacists practice in a variety of health care settings.


December 22, 2014

Five Actions Governors Can Take to Help Industry Save Energy

Reducing energy use can be an attractive option to help a company stay competitive in the world market.


November 24, 2014

Governor’s Guide to Mass Evacuation

Governors should be prepared from the first day of their administration to manage a major disaster.


November 10, 2014

Preparing for Potential Waste Management Changes at Nuclear Weapons Sites

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is examining changes to the way it oversees radioactive wastes in the nuclear weapons complex that could have important environmental, safety, and economic ramifications for states.


November 07, 2014

An Opportunity for States to Fund Community-Based Prevention Programs

Community-based prevention programs (CBPPs) can serve as an important tool for states to improve health outcomes and reduce costs.


October 28, 2014

Unlocking Young Children’s Potential: Governors’ Role in Strengthening Early Mathematics Learning

Mathematics knowledge acquired in early childhood and early elementary grades is a critical foundation for long-term student success, according to a new paper released today by the National Governors Association (NGA).


October 27, 2014

The Cybersecurity Workforce: States’ Needs and Opportunities

The National Governors Association (NGA) released The Cybersecurity Workforce: States’ Needs and Opportunities, which examines factors to consider when creating a comprehensive state strategy to improve cybersecurity.


September 22, 2014

The Role of Physician Assistants in Health Care Delivery

Physician assistants (PAs) play a broad and expanding role in the health care system, working in a variety of practice areas and settings because of their adaptably and lower cost, according to a new paper released today by the National Governors Association (NGA).


September 15, 2014

Financial Empowerment: How Delaware Improved Financial Security through Coaching

In 2011 Delaware Gov. Jack Markell launched a statewide financial empowerment program called $tand By Me®.


August 20, 2014

State Roles in Enhancing the Cybersecurity of Energy Systems and Infrastructure

To help governors combat the growing risk of cyber threats to the nation’s energy system, the National Governors Association released an issue brief detailing preventative steps that can be taken.


July 12, 2014

America Works: An Action Guide for Governors

National Governors Association Chair Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin released her initiative’s final report, An Action Guide for Governors, during the special session of NGA’s 2014 Summer Meeting.


July 01, 2014

Advances in Workforce Policy: Insights from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Training Grants

Job seekers, employers and communities all benefited from workforce programs under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), according to a new report and companion paper released by the National Governors Association.


June 30, 2014

State Strategies for Global Trade and Investment

State Strategies for Global Trade and Investment examines actions governors can take to develop more robust international strategies in conjunction with their state’s overall economic development strategy.


May 22, 2014

Targeting Clean Energy for Economic Development

Governors across the country are pursuing state economic development with policies aimed at the clean energy sector, according to a new report released by the National Governors Association.


March 31, 2014

Governors’ Guide to Modernizing the Electric Power Grid

Governors play an important role in modernizing the electric power grid to ensure it continues to function reliably, safely and efficiently, according to a new paper released by the National Governors Association.


March 13, 2014

The Governors Speak, 2014

Governors emphasized the importance of job creation, the budget, workforce development and education during their annual State of the State addresses, according to a report released by the National Governors Association.


February 23, 2014

Reducing Prescription Drug Abuse: Lessons Learned from an NGA Policy Academy

As part of the National Governors Association’s (NGA) ongoing effort to help states reduce prescription drug abuse, findings from the Prescription Drug Abuse Reduction Policy Academy were the focus of the Health and Human Services Committee session at NGA’s 2014 Winter Meeting.


February 22, 2014

America Works: The Benefit of a More Educated Workforce to Individuals and the Economy

Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin released the first report of her National Governors Association (NGA) Chair’s Initiative, America Works: Education and Training for Tomorrow’s Jobs, during NGA’s 2014 Winter Meeting.


January 06, 2014

The Role of Dental Hygienists in Providing Access to Oral Health Care

The Role of Dental Hygienists in Providing Access to Oral Health Care summarizes various policies governing the role of dental hygienists and examines alternative models and practices from states.


October 21, 2013

State Clean Energy Actions: November 2012–June 2013 Update

State Clean Energy Actions: November 2012–June 2013 Update covers the 55 states, commonwealths and territories and highlights nearly 350 actions governors took to support greater use of clean energy, often with the goal of spurring economic development, reducing energy costs to consumers or minimizing environmental impacts.


October 01, 2013

A Governor’s Guide to Early Literacy: Getting all Students Reading by Third Grade

A Governor’s Guide to Early Literacy: Getting all Students Reading by Third Grade examines the gap between research and policy and describes the five policy actions that governors can take to ensure all children read at grade level by the end of third grade.


September 26, 2013

Act and Adjust: A Call to Action for Governors for Cybersecurity

As part of the National Governors Association’s (NGA) ongoing effort to address cybersecurity, one of the most significant homeland security challenges facing the nation, NGA released Act and Adjust: A Call to Action for Governors for Cybersecurity. The paper provides strategic recommendations governors can immediately adopt to improve their state’s cybersecurity posture.


September 24, 2013

An Energy Efficiency Primer for Governors

An Energy Efficiency Primer for Governors describes successful actions governors have taken to further cost-effective energy efficiency. Governors have worked with legislators, regulators and others to advance energy efficiency in a variety of ways.


September 19, 2013

Beyond Completion: Enabling Governors to Evaluate the Outcomes of Postsecondary Education

With the U.S. economy increasingly demanding a more educated workforce, states are looking to colleges and universities to more effectively and efficiently meet the demand for better educating citizens. Beyond Completion: Enabling Governors to Evaluate the Outcomes of Postsecondary Education provides a comprehensive approach to address the ongoing shift from simply measuring inputs to a broader emphasis on outcomes and the relationship between resources and results.


August 19, 2013

Top Trends in State Economic Development

Governors have updated their economic development strategies and launched new initiatives to further spur economic growth and provide high wage jobs, according to a report released by the National Governors Association (NGA).


July 25, 2013

Improving Birth Outcomes in Medicaid

Women who begin their pregnancies in poor health are more likely to have negative birth outcomes than healthy women, according to a paper released by the National Governors Association.


June 04, 2013

Leading for Early Success: Building School Principals’ Capacity to Lead High-Quality Early Education

Effective school leadership and access to high-quality early education are two of the most important determinants of educational outcomes, according to a new paper released today by the National Governors Association (NGA).


May 16, 2013

Effect of Provider Payment Reforms on Maternal and Child Health Services

States are actively pursuing reforms to enhance the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care services provided to pregnant women and children, according to a report released by the National Governors Association (NGA). Many state efforts involve changes in the way services are delivered and paid for to ensure better results and improve access to care.


May 08, 2013

Using Executive Orders to Advance Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Using Executive Orders to Advance Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy explores how governors can use executive orders to make measur­able progress toward their energy goals, particularly if they include clear direction to state agencies, concrete timelines and incentives and opportunities for guber­natorial leadership.


April 30, 2013

State Clean Energy Actions: 2012 Update

Governors continue to advance innovative policy approaches to further the use of energy efficiency, renewable energy and other clean energy resources, according to the 2012 update to the State Clean Energy Actions report, released by the National Governors Association (NGA).


April 04, 2013

The Cornerstones of Economic Security for Resilient Workers: A Policy Framework for Shared Action

The ability of the American worker to adapt to technological innovation and worldwide competition is the key to economic security in the future, according to a report released by the National Governors Association (NGA). The report notes that the current approach to workforce development in the U.S. was designed for a different set of economic realities than those that exist today.


January 28, 2013

“Making” Our Future

“Making” Our Future focuses on the results of an NGA Center for Best Practices Policy Academy where teams from eight states—California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania—participated in an intensive, year-long strategic planning process to support advanced manufacturing by combining workforce education and support for business innovation, university-industry partnerships and public and private sector entrepreneurship.


January 17, 2013

Regulating Online Postsecondary Education: State Issues and Options

States play a significant role in online education, both as providers and as regulators, according to this report released by the National Governors Association (NGA).


January 16, 2013

State Sector Strategies Coming of Age: Implications for State Workforce Policymakers

Report offers a snapshot of sector strategies today, an overview of what makes them different from traditional workforce and economic development programs and a description of actions that state administrators and policymakers can take as part of a policy framework to support the strategies’ creation and effective operation.


December 20, 2012

The Role of Nurse Practitioners in Meeting Increasing Demand for Primary Care

One way states could increase access to primary care for their residents is to consider easing their scope of practice restrictions and modifying their reimbursement policies to increase the role of nurse practitioners in providing primary care, according to a new paper released by the National Governors Association.


December 18, 2012

Improving Preparedness Through Sharing Public Health and Homeland Security Information

Improving Preparedness Through Sharing Public Health and Homeland Security Information examines how states can combine and consolidate programs to avoid duplication of efforts. By directing agency heads and encouraging local governments to develop an integrated approach to sharing information among public health and homeland security agencies, states can greatly improve their situational awareness of emerging threats and disaster response.


October 25, 2012

Strategies for Curbing Health Insurance Costs for State Employees: Benefit Design, Wellness Programs and Data Mining

With continued strains on state budgets, governors are finding innovative ways to do more with less across state government.


October 01, 2012

Governor’s Role in Aligning Early Education and K-12 Reforms: Challenges, Opportunities, and Benefits for Children

To increase student achievement, more states are pursuing reforms in both early care and education (ECE) programs and K-12, according to Governor’s Role in Aligning Early Education and K-12 Reforms: Challenges, Opportunities, and Benefits for Children, a new white paper released by the National Governors Association.


September 27, 2012

Twenty Years of the Federal Facility Compliance Act: Lessons Learned about the Cleanup of Nuclear Weapons Waste

Over the past 20 years, states have worked with the Department Of Energy (DOE) on the cleanup of nuclear weapons production sites.


September 13, 2012

Six Strategies for Reducing Prescription Drug Abuse

The abuse of prescription drugs is the fastest growing drug problem in the United States, and is the most common type of drug abuse after marijuana use among teens between the ages of 12 and 17. To combat the growing problem, the National Governors Association (NGA) is hosting a year-long project led by Alabama Gov. Robert Bentley and Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper.


September 13, 2012

Six Strategies for Reducing Prescription Drug Abuse

The abuse of prescription drugs is the fastest growing drug problem in the United States, and is the most common type of drug abuse after marijuana use among teens between the ages of 12 and 17. To combat the growing problem, the National Governors Association (NGA) is hosting a year-long project led by Alabama Gov. Robert Bentley and Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper.


September 12, 2012

Redesigning State Economic Development Agencies

Current economic realities provide governors a unique opportunity to review their states’ economic landscapes and propose critical changes to consolidate and streamline their approaches to economic development, according to an issue brief released by the National Governors Association.


July 30, 2012

Ten Trends to Track: State Policy Innovations to Advance Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

Governors are advancing several new state policy innovations to reduce energy consumption and increase the amount of energy produced from renewable sources, such as the wind or the sun, according to an issue brief released today by the National Governors Association (NGA).


July 26, 2012

Health Care: Next Steps after the Supreme Court Decision

The National Governors Association held a meeting for states entitled Health Care: Next Steps after the Supreme Court Decision, which offered governors’ health policy advisors, Medicaid directors, insurance commissioners and exchange leads an opportunity to confer with each other, federal officials and health system experts about next steps relative to their state’s health care system. Here is a summary of the meeting and an appendix of questions from states compiled during the meeting.


June 28, 2012

Steps to Prepare for Public Safety Broadband

The National Governors Association hosted a forum, “Preparing for Public Safety Broadband,” to help states with the implementation of the nationwide broadband network dedicated to public safety communications. During the forum NGA released Steps to Prepare for Public Safety Broadband and an accompanying white paper, which outlines the essential steps states can take now to prepare for implementation.


May 30, 2012

Enhancing State Energy Efficiency Efforts Through Information and Outreach to Consumers

The National Governors Association released an issue brief and paper to help states realize the full potential of programs to reduce energy use.


April 30, 2012

New Engines of Growth: Five Roles for Arts, Culture and Design

New Engines of Growth:  Five Roles for Arts, Culture, and Design focuses on the role that arts, culture and design can play in governors’ policies to create jobs and boost their economies in the short run and transition to an innovation-based economy in the long run.


April 24, 2012

A System of Trust: Privacy Policies for Justice Information Sharing

A System of Trust: Privacy Policies for Justice Information Sharing builds upon the lessons learned from a recent NGA meeting held in partnership with the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. Participating states created privacy policies designed to govern their integrated justice information systems, provide accountability for potential misuse of the system and protect the privacy rights of individuals.


March 29, 2012

The Role of Informal Science in the State Education Agenda

While the United States remains the world hub of science and technology capacity, its dominance is being challenged by the fast growth of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) talent in Asia and other parts of the developing world. Currently, the increase of students pursuing studies and careers in STEM lags. The Role of Informal Science in the State Education Agenda looks at a type of innovation that complements other important initiatives.


March 07, 2012

Top IT Actions to Save States Money and Boost Efficiency

Top IT Actions to Save States Money and Boost Efficiency, and the accompanying white paper focus on actions states can take to improve their use of technology with little or no investment in new information technology systems.


February 15, 2012

Using Data to Guide State Education Policy and Practice

Increasing amounts of data are now available to parents, educators, researchers and policymakers. However, it has not been fully utilized because critical data are not collected, which can limit policymakers and educators ability to diagnose problems and offer solutions. Using Data to Guide State Education Policy and Practice offers practical policy options to remove those obstacles and ensure the right data are being captured and interpreted.


February 02, 2012

State Strategies for Awarding Credit to Support Student Learning

Awarding credits based on student mastery of content and skills can remove barriers to increasing student readiness for college and careers, according to a new issue brief released by the National Governors Association.


February 01, 2012

Clean and Secure State Energy Actions: 2011 Update

Clean State Energy Actions: 2011 Update examined clean energy activities by all 50 states, as well as the territories and commonwealths to identify existing policy models as well as emerging policy tools states can replicate.


January 30, 2012

Creating a College and Career Readiness Accountability Model for High Schools

Creating a College and Career Readiness Accountability Model for High Schools recommends that states consider the following principles when designing a college and career readiness accountability system for high schools


January 30, 2012

State Strategies for Accelerating Transmission Development for Renewable Energy

The nation’s governors are advancing new ways to develop transmission that will bring more renewable energy into the market and support businesses in their states. State Strategies for Accelerating Transmission Development for Renewable Energy, and the accompanying white paper, examines successful state efforts governors can use to accelerate transmission development for renewable energy to help meet a variety of energy diversity, economic development and environmental goals.


January 09, 2012

Strategies for States to Encourage and Fund Community Care Teams

Strategies for States to Encourage and Fund Community Care Teams outlines the role that community care teams can play in improving the quality and value of health care provided by the states, especially to Med­icaid populations.  


December 22, 2011

National Summit on Government Redesign: Solutions for Making Tough Budget Choices

The National Governors Association (NGA) recently hosted a National Summit on Government Redesign: Solutions for Making Tough Budget Choices, bringing together senior officials from more than 20 states and territories who support governors in making budgetary choices.


December 22, 2011

Long-Term Services and Supports: Challenges and Opportunities for States in Difficult Budget Times

Long-Term Services and Supports: Challenges and Opportunities for States in Difficult Budget Times discusses the challenges and opportunities that states confront in the current budget climate in expanding their LTSS systems for seniors, adults with physical disabilities and individuals at risk of nursing home placement.


December 21, 2011

New Models of Teacher Compensation: Lessons Learned from Six States

Governors and other state leaders have shown an increasing interest in creating new models of teacher compensation that would reward educators based on their contributions to student learning. To support this interest, the National Governors Association (NGA) hosted a policy academy focusing on that issue.


December 05, 2011

State Early Childhood Advisory Councils: An Overview of Implementation across the States

Nearly all governors have designated a state early childhood advisory council to advise policymakers in the state on how to best meet the needs of children from birth to school entry.


December 01, 2011

Building A Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education Agenda

As governors look for the best strategies to strengthen state economic performance, states and their education institutions have taken the following actions to address these challenges: adopted rigorous math and science standards and improved assessments; recruited and retained more qualified classroom teachers; provided more rigorous preparation for STEM students; used informal leaning to expand math and science beyond the classroom; enhanced the quality and supply of STEM teachers; and established goals for postsecondary institutions to meet STEM job needs.


November 01, 2011

Preparing Principals to Evaluate Teachers

During the past few years, more than 30 states have enacted legislation to change the way teachers are evaluated. The new laws require the annual evaluation of teachers; typically, multiple evaluations during the school year are required for new teachers.


October 27, 2011

State Efforts in Sentencing and Corrections Reform

States continue to struggle during what is the most difficult fiscal environment since the Great Depression. Projections are that the economic recovery will be slow, forcing states to think long-term about how to do more with less.


October 24, 2011

Realizing the Potential: How Governors Can Lead Effective Implementation of the Common Core State Standards

In recent years, governors, chief state school officers, business leaders, and college faculty have grown increasingly concerned that American students are not adequately prepared either for college or for the workforce. Governors and chief state school officers understood that the changing economy and persistent achievement gaps required a dramatic shift in academic expectations.


September 16, 2011

State Perspectives on Insurance Exchanges: Implementing Health Reform in an Uncertain Environment

The three major components of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) — insurance reform, Medicaid expansions, and the establishment of health insurance exchanges — are primarily the states’ responsibilities to implement; together they impose a daunting workload. Because insurance exchanges must be wholly created in a very short time period, their implementation presents unique challenges.


September 06, 2011

Redesigning State Government 2011

Since 2008, the NGA Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) has been reviewing state government redesign effort as states recover from the economic downturn. Some of these efforts have been described in other NGA publications, namely, The Big Reset: State Government After the Great Recession (February 2010) and again in State Government Redesign Efforts 2009 and 2010 (October 2010).


August 29, 2011

State Health Insurance Exchanges and Children's Coverage: Issues for State Design Decisions

As states consider implementation options under the Affordable Care Act, they face a series of critical decisions that will affect the design of insurance exchanges. Many of those decisions have the potential to affect health insurance options for children and how they obtain and retain coverage.


July 20, 2011

Using Community Colleges to Build a STEM-Skilled Workforce

At least 8 million of the jobs available to college graduates in 2018 will be in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions. Even though nearly all sectors where job growth is occurring require a variety of STEM skills, efforts to build a STEM-skilled workforce currently fall short.


July 15, 2011

From Information to Action: Revamping Higher Education Accountability Systems

Public colleges and universities, which educate the vast majority of the nation's students, are an important part of states’ economic competitiveness efforts. These institutions face a number of pressures that will demand increased productivity and a data driven investment strategy moving forward.


July 12, 2011

State Policies to Reengage Dropouts

Efforts to improve educational attainment are hampered by the high school dropout crisis. At a time when governors are calling for changes to improve higher education access and success, more than 1 million youth ages 16 to 19 are not enrolled in school and do not have a high school diploma.


May 02, 2011

2011 Governors Education Symposium Issue Briefs

The 2011 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the NGA Center and the Hunt Institute, focused on advancing education reform with limited resources, improving postsecondary completion and productivity, preparing career- and college-ready students and measuring and evaluating effective teaching.


April 26, 2011

State Policies to Improve the Effectiveness of School Principals

A principal’s effectiveness impacts both teachers and students. Effective principals improve the retention of effective teachers and the outcomes of students. Although all schools can benefit from an effective school principal, there is an emergent need for schools that are chronically low-performing.


April 25, 2011

The Governors’ Speak: A Summary of the 2011 State of the State Addresses

The NGA Center released The Governors’ Speak: A Summary of the 2011 State of the State Addresses, an updated analysis of governors’ speeches in 50 states and Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.


April 12, 2011

State and Federal Consent Laws Affecting Interstate Health Information Exchange

Exchanging health information requires individuals to grant permission for their records to move from one provider to another. The process of and requirements for obtaining individual consent for sharing information places more or less control of information use and disclosure in the individual’s hands, and can vary by types of information, duration of consent, and other variables.


April 12, 2011

Sustaining State Health Information Exchange: A State Toolkit

Many tools have been proposed to correct the ills of the health care system, but there is likely no single solution. The electronic exchange of health information is integral to any health care transformation, both because of its potential to improve efficiency and quality and as a tool for monitoring system performance.


March 24, 2011

State Strategies for Fixing Failing Schools and Districts

At least 5,000 public schools have failed to meet their academic achievement targets for at least five consecutive years. The underlying causes of such failure are usually a combination of weak leadership, inadequate skill levels among teachers, and insufficient high-quality teaching materials.


March 23, 2011

Degrees for What Jobs? Raising Expectations for Universities and Colleges in a Global Economy

Recognizing that higher education, including community colleges, four-year colleges, and research universities, cannot help drive economic growth in their states unless students' academic success is linked to the needs of the marketplace, governors and state policymakers are beginning to move beyond their focus on getting more students to get "degrees" to asking: "Degrees for what jobs?"


March 08, 2011

Maximizing the Impact of State Early Childhood Home Visitation Programs

As states continue to redesign and streamline state programs to make them more effective, the NGA Center released Maximizing the Impact of State Early Childhood Home Visitation Programs to offer states suggestions on how to better coordinate and integrate home visitation programs to improve early childhood initiatives.


March 01, 2011

State Alliance White Papers

The State Alliance publishes white papers as resources for states to use in developing and implementing electronic health policies and best practices.


February 28, 2011

Improving Postsecondary Attainment Among Adults

The U.S. labor market is increasingly demanding a more educated workforce. Of the 48 million job openings projected for the next eight years, 63 percent will require some postsecondary education. For many of these job openings, workers will need at least a high school diploma but not necessarily a four-year degree.


February 22, 2011

Addressing Post-ARRA Compliance and Workforce Concerns in the Nuclear Weapons Complex

As the deadline for spending funds from the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act for cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex approaches, states face two key challenges: achieving future compliance with state-Department of Energy cleanup agreements; and transitioning to a post-ARRA workforce. 


January 30, 2011

State Clean Energy Financing Guidebook

To help states consider innovative clean energy program financing options that maximize state resources, the NGA Center released the State Clean Energy Financing Guidebook. The Guidebook helps states consider three important elements of a clean energy financing program: sources of capital including bonds, state revenues, and private capital. 


December 21, 2010

Implementing Graduation Counts: State Progress to Date, 2010

In 2005, the governors of all 50 states made an unprecedented commitment to voluntarily implement a common, more reliable formula for calculating their state’s high school graduation rate by signing the NGA Graduation Counts Compact. Five years later, progress is steady, and 48 states are expected to report high school graduation rates using the common formula by 2011.


December 08, 2010

The Transition to Adulthood: How States Can Support Older Youth in Foster Care

The number of youth aging out of foster care has increased every year since 2001.  This population, although small in number, has a high economic cost to state governments and society as a whole. Yet, because there are relatively few of these young people, states that invest in them can make a large positive impact without incurring great cost.


November 08, 2010

A Governor’s Guide to Homeland Security 2010

A Governor's Guide to Homeland Security is a comprehensive resource intended to guide governors in the critical task of providing homeland security and ensuring public safety the states.


November 03, 2010

Enhancing State Clean Energy Workforce Training to Meet Demand

Enhancing State Clean Energy Workforce Training to Meet Demand focuses on state efforts that have emerged with the help of workforce development funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) and includes examples of how states have leveraged that funding with additional state and private sector support. 


October 27, 2010

Building Ready States: A Governor's Guide to Supporting a Comprehensive, High-Quality Early Childhood State Systems

With more than 60 percent of all children from birth to age 5 spending time in the care of someone other than their parents, publicly supported early childhood programs must provide safe, nurturing, and developmentally appropriate experiences that foster healthy growth and learning.


October 20, 2010

Foreclosure Prevention: Educating Homeowners

A number of states have anti-predatory lending laws, but many states found that during the housing boom, predatory lenders found ways to sidestep existing laws with new mortgage instruments. Hence, several states already have amended existing lending laws or enacted new statutes that address directly problems that contributed to the housing bust.


October 20, 2010

Neighborhood Stabilization

Governors are responding to the foreclosure crisis by taking action in three main areas: foreclosure mitigation, to reduce the number of families losing their homes; neighborhood stabilization, to prevent areas with multiple foreclosed homes from falling into disarray; and foreclosure prevention, to protect against future housing crises.


October 20, 2010

State-by-State Listing of Actions to Tackle Foreclosure

Summary of state efforts to assists homeowners in danger of foreclosure


October 20, 2010

Foreclosure Mitigation: Assistance

Counseling, financial and other types of assistance are ways states can help homeowners struggling to pay their mortgages remain in their homes.


October 20, 2010

Foreclosure Mitigation: Outreach

Many states have worked to develop innovative ways to reach out to borrowers at risk of foreclosure to encourage them to contact their loan servicer or a foreclosure counselor. Outreach is key to the success of any effort to prevent delinquent loans from going into foreclosure.


September 08, 2010

Clean and Secure State Energy Actions: 2010 Update

Between 2008 and 2010, states continued to lead the nation on a path to a cleaner and more secure energy future – especially in the areas of energy efficiency and clean electricity.


September 07, 2010

Foreclosure Mitigation: Rescue Scams

Foreclosure resources to help buyers avoid rescue scams.


September 07, 2010

Foreclosure Mitigation: Help for Renters and Other Mitigation Efforts

Several states are examining their foreclosure laws to determine whether the tenants of foreclosed property are adequately protected under existing laws. Most new legislation in this area seeks to improve notification of foreclosure to tenants and give tenants sufficient time to move after receiving the notice.


August 18, 2010

State Government Redesign Efforts 2009 and 2010

States have experienced record budget shortfalls over the past several years due to sharp declines in state revenues. In response, governors have taken record measures to downsize and redesign state governments during the 2009 and 2010 state fiscal years. Such efforts likely will continue over the near future. Economists predict that state revenues (in real terms) may not reach 2008 levels until late fiscal 2012 or early fiscal 2013. At the same time, the costs of government services will continue to rise, as will ongoing liabilities related to health care, pensions, and other benefits. States also will have to deal with many long-term investments that have been deferred. Thus, state budgets may not recover until the end of the decade.


August 05, 2010

State Strategies to Achieve Graduation for All

This report from the NGA Center addresses the alarming rate at which students in the United States drop out of high school.


July 27, 2010

Foreclosure Mitigation: Process and Modifications

To prevent foreclosures, some states are revamping their foreclosure processes to give borrowers additional time to work with their loan servicers to reach a workout agreement. Some judicial foreclosure states are encouraging or requiring mediation between borrowers and servicers during the foreclosure process. Other states are negotiating agreements with servicers to streamline loan modifications.


July 11, 2010

Complete to Compete: Common College Completion Metrics & Technical Guide

Comparable, reliable metrics are essential for states under current fiscal constraints. Information on the progress toward, and degree completion of, all students in higher education allows state leaders to gauge whether policies are successful and helps inform future funding decisions.


July 09, 2010

State Roles in Delivery System Reforms

With the cost of health care rising faster than the gross domestic product (GDP), it is vital for the United States to improve the delivery of health care services. While federal health reform has largely focused on health insurance coverage, there needs to be greater emphasis on system improvements that control the growth of health care costs, achieve better results, and improve the health of individuals and populations.


June 29, 2010

A Sharper Focus on Technical Workers: How to Educate and Train for the Global Economy

America needs great skilled workers - and a lot of them. The Automotive Manufacturing Technical Education Collaborative (AMTEC) story shows that it is possible for governors to work collaboratively with industry, with community colleges, and with each other to provide people with the opportunity to build their technical skills and ensure both America's future prosperity and their own economic security.


May 07, 2010

Governor's Summits on Poverty and Economic Opportunity: State Strategies and Progress

Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Michigan, Ohio, Vermont, Virginia, U.S. Virgin Islands, Wisconsin


May 07, 2010

State Efforts to Safely Reduce the Number of Children in Foster Care

The Center is working with six states: Arkansas, Florida, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania and South Carolina.


May 06, 2010

Advancing Clean Energy: A Report of the Clean Energy States Grant Program

Throughout the decade, states have launched initiatives to improve energy efficiency, promote alternative energy sources and lower greenhouse gas emissions. Some of these state efforts to transition to clean energy are highlighted in this report.


April 29, 2010

Approaches for Statewide Interoperable Communications Governance

The NGA Center engaged six states—Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Massachusetts, New York and Washington—in a technical assistance project focused on interoperable communications governance. The project revealed that a remaining hurdle to effective statewide governance is the governing body’s formal authority to act.


April 20, 2010

State Engagement with the Energy Sector to Improve Cyber Security

States cannot easily ensure the security of cyber systems owned and operated by the energy sector, or by any other sector of the economy. The majority of the infrastructure is privately owned, and legislative or other mandates often are strongly resisted.


April 01, 2010

Maximizing the Potential of Older Adults: Benefits to State Economies and Individual Well-Being

The United States is rapidly aging. These demographic changes could pose major challenges for state economies by increasing the burden on public health programs, reducing tax revenues, and lowering the pool of skilled workers.


March 04, 2010

Shaping a Healthier Generation: Healthy Kids, Healthy America State Profiles of Progress

Through the Healthy Kids, Healthy America program, the NGA Center supported 15 states as they worked to develop policies to prevent childhood obesity. The recognizable progress of each of these states is detailed in this report.


February 24, 2010

2009 State Homeland Security Advisors Survey

This Issue Brief details the findings of the sixth annual State Homeland Security Advisors Survey. It provides an overview of states’ homeland security governance structures, strategies and priorities, as well as an examination of the evolving relationship between the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and states in the areas of communications, intelligence sharing and coordination of efforts.


February 04, 2010

Building an Early Childhood Professional Development System

Specialized knowledge of how young children develop and learn is critical for members of the early childhood workforce. All members of this workforce need access to preparation programs and opportunities for ongoing education and development.


February 01, 2010

Overview of States Homeland Security Governance

This analysis describes state homeland security organizational structures that governors established subsequent to September 11, 2001. Homeland security entities were created to ensure states are preparing for a wide range of terrorist attacks.


January 13, 2010

2009 State Residential Mortgage Foreclosure Laws

Foreclosure levels in the United States remain high and the housing market remains weak as we enter 2010. The economic recession and unemployment have created new issues for states to deal with in addition to the existing challenges related to foreclosure. This Issue Brief summarizes new state laws enacted during 2009 to address foreclosure. It serves as an update to the NGA Center’s 2008 report, State Actions to Tackle the Foreclosure Crisis.


January 11, 2010

State Strategies to Help Schools Make the Most of Their National School Lunch Program

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) serves approximately 31 million lunches each day. Because of its size, the NSLP presents an unparalleled opportunity to improve the nutritional quality of foods served to our nation’s students and ultimately improve their health.


December 09, 2009

Increasing College Success: A Road Map for Governors

In the modern economy, a college degree has become the gateway to the middle class. Nearly 75 percent of future jobs will require a postsecondary degree or certificate, and many of these job openings will be in middle-skill professions that require more than a high school degree but less than a four-year college degree.


November 09, 2009

Measuring Student Achievement at Postsecondary Institutions

Existing measures of student achievement exclude far too many students and track too few student milestones. These exclusions can penalize institutions for serving disadvantaged students by understating these students’ performance. This Issue Brief offers state leaders a formula for measuring system-wide student achievement at postsecondary institutions.


November 09, 2009

Fact Sheet: Strategic Opportunities under the ARRA Prevention and Wellness Funds

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) allocated $120 million to states for evidence-based prevention and wellness strategies that address chronic disease rates.


November 04, 2009

Rising to the Immigrant Integration Challenge: What States Are Doing—And Can Do

More than a million legal immigrants enter the United States every year. Increasingly they are settling not only in “gateway” locations such as Texas, California, and New York, but in communities across the nation. While there are significant numbers of unauthorized immigrants in the United States, this paper focuses primarily on legal immigrants. These immigrants contribute significantly to states socially, culturally, and economically, particularly where their integration into the community is successful.


October 30, 2009

Policy Strategies for Advancing Interstate Health Information Exchange: A Report to the State Alliance for e-Health

Variations among states' laws, and differences between states' laws and federal law, are one of the most significant obstacles to interstate health information exchange (HIE). A new report prepared for the State Alliance for e-Health looks at the potential advantages and disadvantages of alternative policy strategies to reduce this "variations barrier" and advance interstate HIE.


October 28, 2009

Reducing Dropout Rates through Expanded Learning Opportunities

At least one in five students drops out of high school. Individuals who drop out of school will earn less money during their lifetimes and are more likely to be unemployed, incarcerated, in need of public assistance, and in poor health. Expanding access to high-quality ELOs can be a key state strategy to stem the tide of students leaving school before graduation.


October 22, 2009

State Policies to Improve Teacher Professional Development

Each year, considerable resources are spent on professional development to build teacher knowledge and skills. Yet not much is known about its impact on student achievement. Research confirms that professional development can affect teacher practice, but research has yet to confirm if those changes in practice improve student learning. Unfortunately, recent studies indicate that most teachers do not believe the professional development they receive is helpful or relevant for improving classroom instruction.


October 22, 2009

Achieving Graduation for All: A Governor's Guide to Dropout Prevention and Recovery

Achieving Graduation for All recommends actions governors should take to reduce the incidence of students not completing high school, including: promote high school graduation for all; target youth at-risk of dropping out; reengage youth who have dropped out of school; and provide rigorous, relevant options for earning a high school diploma.


October 21, 2009

Foreclosure Prevention: Predatory Lending

A number of states have anti-predatory lending laws, but many states found that during the housing boom, predatory lenders found ways to sidestep existing laws with new mortgage instruments. Hence, several states already have amended existing lending laws or enacted new statutes that address directly problems that contributed to the housing bust.


October 21, 2009

Foreclosure Prevention: Regulation

A number of states have anti-predatory lending laws, but many states found that during the housing boom, predatory lenders found ways to sidestep existing laws with new mortgage instruments. Hence, several states already have amended existing lending laws or enacted new statutes that address directly problems that contributed to the housing bust.


October 06, 2009

Governors' Use of Executive Orders in Disaster Response

This Issue Brief examines the circumstances under which governors have issued executive orders in responding to disasters and specifically the scope and intent of the executive orders that governors issued in the 75 presidentially declared disasters that occurred during 2008.


October 05, 2009

2009 Governors Education Symposium Issue Briefs

The 2009 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Hunt Institute, focused on the education priorities outlined in the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA): standards and assessment, longitudinal data systems, teacher effectiveness, and turnaround support for failing schools.


September 28, 2009

State Green Economy Profiles

As governors across the country look at ways they can help build a green economy in their state, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) has commissioned Collaborative Economics Inc. (CEI) to prepare a profile of each state's "green" economy.


September 21, 2009

Foreclosure Resources

A website has been launched by the Department of Treasury and HUD, to educate homeowners and borrowers about the new loan program. The Making Home Affordable loan program, announced in February, will offer loan modifications and refinancing to 7-9 million eligible homeowners.


September 16, 2009

Shaping a Healthier Generation: Successful State Strategies to Prevent Childhood Obesity

The NGA Center convened the Shaping a Healthier Generation Advisory Council in response to the need for innovative and actionable childhood obesity prevention strategies for governors to implement in their states. This report, based on the Council’s work, aims to offer direction to governors and other policymakers who want to craft children’s health policies that prevent obesity and advance the well-being of families.


August 25, 2009

Privacy Policy Academy

With support from the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), the NGA Center, is worked with the CONNECT Project, the Hawaii Integrated Justice Information Sharing (HIJIS) program, and the Illinois Integrated Justice Information System (IIJIS) to develop privacy policies for justice information sharing programs.


August 10, 2009

Raising Rigor, Getting Results: Lessons Learned from AP Expansion

Nearly two-thirds of jobs in 2014 will require at least some college, but only 25 percent of students currently earn a bachelor’s degree in six years. Advanced Placement (AP), which enables high school students to take introductory college-level courses, is the nation’s oldest example of a rigorous, common curriculum. Students who score well on AP exams are more likely to persist in college and earn a degree.


August 04, 2009

Preparing to Implement HITECH: A State Guide for Electronic Health Information Exchange

The HITECH Act, enacted as part of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, expands the role of states in fostering health information exchange and adoption of electronic health records over the next five years. This report, published by the State Alliance, is intended to give interim guidance to state leaders, and recommends actions states should begin to take, to ensure successful implementation of the HITECH Act.


July 29, 2009

State Employee Health Management Initiatives

With a workforce increasingly susceptible to chronic diseases, states are addressing the various conditions that account for more than 75 percent of all health care costs.


July 28, 2009

Overview of State Justice Information Sharing Governance Structures

A decision-making body or governance structure is fundamental to the proper implementation of a statewide justice information sharing (JIS) program. This Issue Brief provides an overview of these governing bodies, which allow states to manage the task of working across multiple agencies and to create and implement strategic plans for JIS. Such arrangements are vital to success because they facilitate collective decision-making and formalize the decision-making process.


July 27, 2009

Implementing Graduation Counts: State Progress to Date, 2009

This report provides an update on state implementation of the Graduation Counts Compact, through which all 50 governors agreed to a more accurate and consistent formula for calculating high school graduation rates.


July 27, 2009

Accelerating the Adoption of Electronic Prescribing

Implementing strategies to promote e-prescribing will move states toward a higher quality, more efficient health care system. E-prescribing also can serve as an important step in the movement toward fully integrated electronic health records (EHRs) and the electronic exchange of health information.


July 27, 2009

Graduation Counts


July 23, 2009

How States and Territories Fund Transportation: An Overview of Traditional and Nontraditional Strategies

The report covers state-driven mechanisms only and is meant to help states identify strategies to consider in addressing their revenue needs alongside federal and local approaches.


June 25, 2009

Building Bright Futures Newsletter (Spring 2009)

The NGA Center is pleased to share the spring edition of Bright Futures. This issue highlights Early Childhood Advisory Council development in four NGA Center grantee states, considers opportunities for early childhood in the federal economic recovery package, and notes recent publications.


June 18, 2009

Advancing Public Safety Interoperable Communications: Recent State Actions

Federal, state, and local governments have made significant progress toward advancing interoperable communications; however, many challenges remain.


June 08, 2009

State Transportation Activities to Support Mission Growth

States are making considerable progress to meet the challenges associated with mission growth. However, with rising population numbers, significant and costly transportation demands, and a short timeline for responding, state efforts must be complemented with federal action. The Mission Growth Working Group of the NGA Center for Best Practices has recommended adjustments that should be made at the federal level.


May 19, 2009

Creating a Comprehensive State Early Childhood Advisory Council

The Improving Head Start for School Readiness Act of 2007 required governors to designate or establish a State Advisory Council on Early Childhood Education and Care to be eligible to apply for one-time federal grant funding. Resources for the start-up grants resulted from increases to the Head Start appropriation, which happened with the $1.1 billion increase through the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.


May 11, 2009

Building a High-Quality Education Workforce: A Governor's Guide to Human Capital Development

This guide includes recommendations for state action on each strategy. It includes examples of both cost-neutral strategies and strategies that require new and sustainable investments to provide states with a range of options as they consider improving the education workforce.


April 27, 2009

NGA Center Influenza Resources

Overview and resources to respond to pandemic influenza or other disease outbreaks.


April 21, 2009

The Quality Imperative: A State Guide to Achieving the Promise of Extended Learning Opportunities

Research demonstrates that high quality ELOs can improve a variety of student outcomes. Participation in high quality ELOs is linked to improvements in academic achievement, school attendance, student engagement, work-study habits, and social and emotional development.


April 15, 2009

Achieving Excellence at Scale: State Support for High-Performing Charter School Expansion

In communities nationwide, public charter schools are meeting the growing demand for high-quality education opportunities. This is especially true in communities with underperforming public district schools that are not meeting the academic needs of students, including poor and minority students.


March 26, 2009

State Mortgage Assistance and Refinance Programs

States have established a number of mortgage refinance and payment assistance programs to help homeowners at risk of foreclosure remain in their homes. This interactive map details existing programs in the states, with information on investment, administration, and eligibility.


March 16, 2009

State Education Activities to Support Mission Growth

The significant growth in the mission of many military bases across the country is placing substantial demands on the capacity and curriculum of the educational systems in their respective states as a large number of students are expected to arrive within a very short time frame. In response, states are employing a host of new education strategies and initiatives that will allow them to meet the needs of military families and the surrounding communities and take full advantage of the economic development that accompanies mission growth. The states predicted to be most affected are Alabama, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Virginia, and Washington.


March 03, 2009

Digital Television (DTV) Transition: Backgrounder

By law, all full-power television stations nationwide began broadcasting exclusively in a digital format on June 12, 2009.


February 27, 2009

2008 State Homeland Security Directors Survey

The 2008 State Homeland Security Directors Survey provides an overview of the fifth annual survey of the 56 state and territorial homeland security directors.


February 25, 2009

Supporting Adolescent Literacy Achievement

Without improvements in literacy proficiency among U.S. students, our country will not be poised to compete economically with international peers. Positions that require college and higher level literacy skills will generate about 46 percent of all job growth between 2004 and 2014.


February 22, 2009

Foreclosure Mitigation: Transitional Assistance

Even optimistic estimates that assume efforts to prevent foreclosures will be successful, it is clear that a large number of people will still lose their homes to foreclosure. Many homeowners who will face foreclosure are families who simply bought more home than they could afford, hoping prices would continue to rise giving them the opportunity to refinance into an affordable loan.


February 22, 2009

Emerging Trends: State Actions to Tackle the Foreclosure Crisis

This report explores programs and the factors that affect states’ responses, including the weakening national economy, which has put pressure on state budgets, and new federal programs that direct funding to states or affect state efforts to help homeowners obtain loan modifications.


February 19, 2009

Sustaining the State Workforce: Strategies for Effective Pandemic Planning

An influenza pandemic or other widespread disease outbreak has the potential to overwhelm the routine operations of government, disrupt the economy, and stress the normal functioning of society. Maintaining essential state services during a pandemic will require not only innovative strategies but the adaptation of existing procedures and policies to meet the extraordinary challenges posed by such an event.


February 11, 2009

Enhancing States' Roles in the Early Transfer of Closed Military Bases

The US Department of Defense (DoD) is closing all or part of hundreds of bases and military sites, primarily through the congressionally authorized Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process. Following a closure, DoD generally tries to transfer ownership of title of the base to another entity, which can move the base back into productive use, through one of two processes: 1) a conventional transfer (i.e., after cleanup is complete) or 2) an early transfer (i.e., before cleanup is complete).


February 04, 2009

State Workforce Activities to Support Mission Growth

The Mission Growth Working Group recently identified workforce development as the biggest challenge mission growth states face. The growth of the nation’s military bases is unprecedented. There are not any federal programs specifically designed to meet the unique needs of a mission growth community. However, there are a handful of existing federal workforce programs that states can look to for support.


January 27, 2009

Small Business Initiatives for Health Coverage and Disease Prevention

From tax incentives and subsidies, to purchasing partnerships and incentives for wellness, the state efforts highlighted in this issue brief demonstrate that small businesses can continue to flourish and meet the challenge of rising health care costs.


January 23, 2009

The Pathways to Advancement Project: How States Can Expand Postsecondary Educational Opportunities for Working Adults

Two of the highest priorities for any governor are economic competitiveness and education. Governors in many states are increasingly seeing these two priorities as intertwined. As a result, many governors are developing new initiatives in science, technology, engineering, and math education in order to compete for high-skill, high-wage jobs.


January 14, 2009

Arts & the Economy: Using Arts and Culture to Stimulate State Economic Development

Arts and culture are important to state economies. Arts and culture-related industries, also known as “creative industries,” provide direct economic benefits to states and communities: They create jobs, attract investments, generate tax revenues, and stimulate local economies through tourism and consumer purchases.


January 13, 2009

Accelerating the Agenda: Actions to Improve America's High Schools

Building on the national imperative first set forth at the 2005 National Education Summit on High Schools, the NGA Center, National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) released this joint report measuring the progress states have made improving America's high schools and citing the challenges that remain in ensuring high school students are prepared for college and career success in the global economy.


January 09, 2009

Public Safety Interoperability Communications Policy Academy: Focus on Governance

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center), in partnership with the Department of Homeland Security Office of Emergency Communications (OEC), hosted the first meeting of the Public Safety Interoperability Communications Policy Academy: Focus on Governance, January 8-9, 2009 in New Orleans, Louisiana.


January 06, 2009

Innovative State Transportation Funding and Financing: Policy Options for States

A 2007 National Governors Association Center for Best Practices Issue Brief, State Policy Options for Funding Transportation, discussed the basic state policy options for funding transportation and outlined recent innovations. This paper extends and updates this earlier work.


December 19, 2008

Benchmarking for Success: Ensuring U.S. Students Receive a World-Class Education

We are living in a world without borders. To meet the realities of the 21st century global economy and maintain America' competitive edge into the future, we need students who are prepared to compete not only with their American peers, but with students from all across the globe for the jobs of tomorrow.


November 17, 2008

Improving Charter School Leadership

After the quality of a school’s teachers, the quality of a school’s leaders is the most influential school-based factor affecting student learning. Moreover, research has found that leadership impacts student achievement the most in academic settings serving students who traditionally have not done well in school.


November 17, 2008

Cleaning up America's Nuclear Weapons Complex: An Update for States

The creation of the nuclear weapons complex has left an enduring environmental cleanup legacy huge in scope and effort. The establishment of the Federal Facilities Cleanup Act (FFCA) and, subsequently, the NGA Center’s Federal Facilities Task Force (FFTF) has provided states an opportunity to collaborate with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on the cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex.


November 17, 2008

Organizing State Efforts to Respond to Mission Growth

More than a third of states are struggling to accommodate large and rapid population increases at and around their military bases in response to shifts in defense priorities. This “mission growth” creates great economic opportunity for states, but it also places a strain on their infrastructure and increases demand for government services. In response, states are creating dedicated state mission growth working groups to coordinate work across state agencies, engage local communities, and serve as one collective voice for state legislatures, the military, and other stakeholders.


November 12, 2008

Nine Things Governors Can Do to Build a Strong Child Welfare System

This Issue Brief outlines ways governors can help to create a strong child welfare system and improve child outcomes.


October 28, 2008

Policies to Improve Instruction and Learning in High Schools

To improve the consistency and rigor of high school instruction, the NGA Center partnered with ACT, Inc. on a pilot project in three states: Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania. ACT trained 98 teachers in 18 high schools on how to use state-of-the-art curriculum units and new instructional methods that were integrated with a system of assessments. The project focused on 10th grade courses—English language arts, geometry, and biology—and aimed to prepare more high school graduates for the demands of higher education and the workplace.


September 23, 2008

Accelerating Progress: Using Health Information Technology and Electronic Health Information Exchange to Improve Care

With the national dialogue on health care reaching record levels, the State Alliance released a report calling for accelerating adoption and use of health information technology (HIT) and electronic health information exchange (HIE) to speed improvements in the U.S. health care system.


September 14, 2008

Pandemic Preparedness in the States: An Assessment of Progress and Opportunity

Over the course of 2007 and early 2008, the NGA Center conducted nine regional pandemic preparedness workshops involving all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and four of the five U.S. territories. The workshops were designed to examine state pandemic preparedness, particularly in non-health-related areas such as continuity of government, maintenance of essential services, and coordination with the private sector.


September 10, 2008

The "Smart Grid"

The United States’ security, economy, and quality of life depend on the availability of a reliable, resilient, and responsive energy infrastructure. However, the nation is increasingly struggling with an outdated electricity transmission and delivery system that was designed and built in the 1960s or, in some cases, earlier.


September 10, 2008

Regional Electricity Transmission Planning

The U.S. electrical interstate transmission grid, the system of high-voltage transmission lines that carry electricity from generating plants to population centers, is becoming increasingly congested as increases in demand continue to outpace increases in transmission capacity.


August 14, 2008

Quality and Price Transparency as an Element of State Health Reform

Governors have been moving toward policies that support standardized quality measurement and improvement, as well as transparency of price and quality data.


July 29, 2008

Implementing Graduation Counts: State Progress to Date, 2008

In 2005, all 50 state governors made an unprecedented commitment to implement voluntarily a common formula for calculating their state’s high school graduation rate by signing the National Governors Association (NGA) Graduation Counts Compact.


July 14, 2008

Promoting Film and Media to Enhance State Economic Development

This Issue Brief outlines key benefits of film, television, and related media arts activity and describes state strategies to create, promote, and attract this industry’s business.


July 12, 2008

Greening State Government: "Lead by Example" Initiatives

In response to rising concerns about energy prices, reliance on imported oil, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, many governors are instituting “lead by example” measures that help their states achieve replicable cost and energy savings and that demonstrate their commitment to greener, cleaner state government.


July 12, 2008

Opportunities for States in Clean Energy Research, Development, & Demonstration

The transition to clean energy is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The goals of this transition—which are both economic and environmental—can only be realized with technical innovation.


July 12, 2008

Clean and Secure State Energy Actions – 2008

Part I of this report provides an overview and highlights from the data collected and includes examples of state actions. Part II contains tables for each state summarizing specific activities.


July 12, 2008

A Governor's Guide to Clean Power Generation and Energy Efficiency

Meeting today’s electricity needs calls for addressing two important and seemingly incompatible challenges: satisfying steadily growing demand and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.


June 24, 2008

Resources for Early Childhood Advisory Councils

National Birth to Five Policy Initiatives, 50-State Data on Young Children, Quality Rating and Improvement Systems, Infant and Toddler Resources.


June 24, 2008

Partnering with the Private and Philanthropic Sectors: A Governor's Guide to Investing in Early Childhood

Governors recognize that promoting school readiness is a key strategy for preventing school failure and subsequent costs to society in the form of remedial education services, health and social services, criminal justice, and lost tax revenue.


June 24, 2008

State Grants to Support Early Childhood Advisory Councils

The NGA Center awarded grants to 12 states - Alabama, Connecticut, Colorado, Guam, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia - to support early childhood advisory councils (ECACs).


June 04, 2008

State Strategies to Reduce Child and Family Poverty

This Issue Brief examines the long term social and economic costs of poverty for children and families, communities and states.


June 02, 2008

State Strategies for Curbing Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Regular screening beginning at age 50 remains the best method of prevention, but only about half of Americans above the age of 50 follow screening recommendations. People with colorectal cancers detected at an early, localized stage have a five-year survival rate of 90 percent. This rate drops to as low as ten percent when the cancer spreads.


May 20, 2008

State Efforts to Expand Broadband Access

The costly nature of connecting areas not served by broadband has led to a disparity in urban versus rural broadband adoption rates. Yet a number of compelling reasons exist for promoting broadband access, including the benefits of telecommuting, telemedicine and educational applications. Accordingly, states are employing a variety of strategies to encourage or incentivize providers to expand broadband service to unserved areas.


May 13, 2008

Increasing Volunteerism Among Older Adults: Benefits and Strategies for States

The percentage of the U.S. population that is 65 years of age and older is expected to increase by nearly 60 percent during the next four decades. This demographic shift will have important implications for state action, including helping to ensure older adults remain healthy and active as they age.


May 04, 2008

Promoting STEM Education: A Communications Toolkit

This toolkit provides core messages, materials, and communications strategies to help governors overcome such challenges and build strong support for STEM education initiatives.


April 17, 2008

Shaping a Healthy America: A Decision Making Guide

This interactive website assists policymakers in making informed and sound decisions concerning wellness programs. Recognizing that governors have numerous priorities and challenges, users can weigh the relative strengths of various policy options and find the best fit for the particular circumstances that each state faces.


March 31, 2008

Medicaid Redesigned: State Innovations in Health Coverage and Delivery

Many governors are redesigning their Medicaid programs to improve the efficiency of the system, as well as the health of their beneficiaries. Although some changes are Medicaid specific, Medicaid redesign can also support some broader state health reforms.


March 14, 2008

Resource List for State Anti-Poverty Strategies

This document provides a list of organizations, individuals and reports that states can use as resources when developing policies to reduce poverty and promote family economic opportunity.


February 27, 2008

Pandemic Preparedness in the States: An Interim Assessment from Five Regional Workshops

Between April and August 2007, the NGA Center conducted five regional pandemic preparedness workshops involving 27 states and territories. They were designed to identify gaps in state pandemic preparedness—specifically in non-health-related areas such as continuity of government, maintenance of essential services, and coordination with the private sector.


February 22, 2008

Greener Fuels, Greener Vehicles: A State Resource Guide

This best practices State Resource Guide discusses the many alternative transportation fuels and vehicle technologies available in the marketplace today—ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, electricity, hybrid electric vehicles, and others—as well as the fuels and technologies of tomorrow, such as hydrogen, hydrogen fuel cells, coal-to-liquids, diesel vehicles, and plug-in electric hybrids.


February 13, 2008

State Strategies to Promote Angel Investment for Economic Growth

Governors are increasingly interested in entrepreneurship because of its key role in driving business innovation. While entrepreneurs face several common challenges, including developing business acumen and making connections with experts and mentors, often their greatest challenge is raising capital.


January 13, 2008

Honoring Progress Newsletter

This newsletter provided information on some of the most promising policies and practices related to high school redesign that have grown out of the work of the Honor States Grant Program, a governor-led effort to improve college and work ready graduation rates.


December 18, 2007

Survey on Early Childhood Advisory Councils

During fall 2007, the NGA Center surveyed states regarding the presence and nature of state early childhood coordinating councils, which may exist as Early Learning Councils, Task Forces, Children’s Cabinets, Interagency Coordinating Councils, etc.


December 17, 2007

2007 State Homeland Security Directors Survey

States are constantly working with federal agencies to share information that could prevent terrorist attacks, but their relationship with the federal government in a number of other key security areas remains a work in progress.


December 12, 2007

Securing a Clean Energy Future: A Call to Action

While there has been some limited national progress achieved to date, states have taken decisive action to enact policies to ensure a clean energy future. Governors, recognizing that there is no single solution, are taking a number of short, intermediate, and long-term steps to reduce our dependence on imported oil and limit our greenhouse gas emissions.


December 04, 2007

Improving Teaching through Pay for Contribution

This report offers recommendations for governors interested in developing alternative models of teacher compensation.


November 25, 2007

Managing Convicted Sex Offenders in the Community

Managing convicted sex offenders in the community poses extremely difficult challenges for policymakers. No other category of criminal evokes more fear and public outrage, and few communities want convicted sex offenders living in their area.


October 24, 2007

State Policies to Preserve Farmland

While agriculture has a rich tradition in the United States, farmers are facing a new set of challenges in the 21st century. A number of factors have contributed to the increasing conversion of farmland, for housing, office, retail, and commercial development.


October 15, 2007

Honor States


September 18, 2007

State Strategies to Address Foreclosures

States have a long history governing mortgage lending and foreclosure practices through statute and regulation. States are well-suited to reach out to troubled borrowers to help connect them with the resources necessary to either avoid or mitigate the impact of foreclosure.


September 13, 2007

Governors' Summits on Expanded Learning Opportunities

To extend learning and positive development beyond the traditional school day, the NGA Center announced five states—Arkansas, Delaware, Minnesota, Nebraska and Oklahoma—will each receive $10,000 grants to convene Governors' Summits on Expanded Learning Opportunities (ELOs).


July 23, 2007

Securing a Clean Energy Future

2007-08 NGA Chair Gov. Tim Pawlenty's Initiative


July 20, 2007

Innovation America: A Final Report

This report summarizes lessons learned in the course of the 2006-2007 Innovation America initiative, paying special attention to the role of governors in establishing best practices.


July 20, 2007

Innovation America: Investing in Innovation

Investing in Innovation provides a snapshot of how states have been investing in research and development (R&D) and identifies a wide range of strategies states have employed to grow their economies by making strategic investments.


July 20, 2007

Innovation America: A Compact for Postsecondary Education

American postsecondary education is a diverse collection of public and private institutions, ranging from community and technical colleges to comprehensive and research universities. These institutions are an invaluable resource to states and to the nation,they educating many of the talented people who work in our industries, businesses, and civic sectors. They also are the places where much of the research and development that benefits this country is conducted.


July 11, 2007

Engaging Mature Adults in the Workforce

The impending retirement of the baby-boom generation poses major challenges to state governments. If baby boomers retire at the same ages as those who preceded them, government expenses for Medicaid and other public services will increase substantially while workforce earnings and associated revenues will probably decline.


July 10, 2007

Leading the Way: State Health Reform Initiatives

This issue brief explores the innovative ways states are approaching health reform to expand access to affordable coverage and improve the health care system and the health of the population. In addition, a snapshot of many state health reforms is included in the appendix.


July 05, 2007

State Strategies for Improving the Employment Outcomes of TANF and Low-Income Families

Research studies during the past decade have shown that despite the large number of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients entering the workforce, many of these individuals have difficulty remaining employed and advancing in the labor market.


July 01, 2007

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Center Grant Program

The NGA Center for Best Practices has announced that six states will receive grants in the area of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education. The six states, Colorado, Hawaii, Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Virginia, will receive a $500,000 matching grant over two years. The grant program was designed to build off the success of the High School Honor States initiative.


June 27, 2007

The Early Childhood System Self-Assessment

The Early Childhood System Self-Assessment is a tool for states to examine their own efforts to date to design and implement a coordinated system of services and policies for children birth to age five. The Self-Assessment is a three part guided process that takes into consideration: Current Context; Current Early Childhood Systems Planning Efforts; and Ready States Progress Indicators.


June 26, 2007

State Leadership for High-Quality Charter Schools

With support from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Innovation and Improvement's National Charter School Program, the NGA Center and Center for School Change at the University of Minnesota Humphrey Institute (CSC) invited governors' offices to apply for $20,000 competitive technical assistance allocations to support up to six states in development, adoption and implementation of state policies that lead to more high quality charter schools.


June 13, 2007

Retooling Career Technical Education

Today's economy requires that high school graduates possess skills and knowledge dramatically different than a generation ago. Responding to this changing landscape, the NGA Center released a new Issue Brief that provides states with strategies to reorient career technical programs towards high-wage/high-skill industries.


June 06, 2007

2007 Governor's Summit on Early Childhood Project

To help states develop policies that address the needs of at risk infants, toddlers and preschoolers, the NGA Center awarded grants to support Governors' Summits on Early Childhood in 10 states: Alaska, Connecticut, Florida, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah and Virginia.


May 23, 2007

Supporting Student Success: The Promise of Expanded Learning Opportunities

Teams of education leaders in Colorado, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Ohio and Rhode Island received grants from the NGA Center to improve afterschool and summer learning opportunities for students through the Supporting Student Success initiative. In addition to funding, grant recipients will receive in-depth consulting services from the three organizations involved in this joint initiative: the NGA Center, National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO).


May 20, 2007

State Actions Supporting Healthy Community Design

Governors have encouraged collaborative, interagency efforts to achieve public health objectives through land-use and transportation planning. By integrating public health perspectives into the community design process, states can support the development of safer, walkable, healthier communities. The following case studies show state actions to support, plan for and design healthier communities.


May 14, 2007

Recent State Actions Promoting Alternative Energy

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices reviewed state energy programs to identify how states promote, administer, finance and implement state energy efficiency and renewable energy policies.


May 13, 2007

Reading to Achieve: State Policies to Support Adolescent Literacy

The National Governors Association (NGA) Reading to Achieve grant, allows Alabama to assess the impact of the state's updated adolescent literacy model and to build advocacy for developing policies compatible with this model.


May 02, 2007

Justice Information Technology Assistance Grant Program

In June 2006, the NGA Center awarded $25,000 grants to six states to help improve their justice information sharing programs. These states, along with links to their final reports, were Alabama, Delaware, Illinois, Michigan, South Carolina, and Wisconsin.



Utilizing the Global Justice XML Data Model (GJXDM)

To encourage justice information technology integration among the states, the Center for Best Practices, with funding from the U.S. Department of Justice, the Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance has awarded 11 states each with a $50,000 grant to implement pilot projects to improve their existing justice information sharing systems. In 2005, the states selected are Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. In 2006, the states selected are Connecticut, Iowa, Minnesota, New York, and North Carolina.


May 02, 2007

Justice Information Technology Assistance Grant Program

In June 2006, the NGA Center awarded $25,000 grants to six states to help improve their justice information sharing programs. These states, along with links to their final reports, were Alabama, Delaware, Illinois, Michigan, South Carolina, and Wisconsin.


May 01, 2007

Utilizing GJXDM to Improve Justice Information Sharing: 2006-2007 Policy Academy

Review of activities at the April 2006 and 2007 GJXDM policy academy


May 01, 2007

Integrating Schools into Healthy Community Design

For much of the 20th century, schools were located in neighborhoods where children could easily and safely walk or bicycle to school. Schools also served as community centers. With the expansion of suburbs, policymakers and local officials began to favor consolidating children from smaller schools into larger schools as population growth and new patterns of development emerged over the past 60 years.


April 24, 2007

State Strategies to Address Chronic Homelessness

State leaders have significant flexibility in designing and implementing plans to address chronic homelessness within their borders. Chronic, or long-term, homelessness is one of three critical characterizations of the nation's homeless population; the other two are temporary and episodic homelessness.


April 23, 2007

Honor States: Phase Two


March 27, 2007

NGA Prisoner Reentry Policy Academy Round Two

The NGA Prisoner Reentry Policy Academy Round Two worked with five states in an effort to help governors and other state policy makers develop and implement statewide prisoner reentry strategies to reduce recidivism rates by improving access to key services and supports.


March 27, 2007

Backgrounder: Prisoner Reentry Policy Academy Round Two

The NGA Prisoner Reentry Policy Academy Round Two works with five states in an effort to help governors and other state policymakers develop and implement statewide prisoner reentry strategies that reduce recidivism rates by improving access to key services and supports. The five states participating in the second round of the academy are Indiana, Maine, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Washington.


February 26, 2007

State Housing Task Forces as Tools to Address Multiple Housing Challenges

Many of the governors working to improve the quality of life for communities and families in their states have identified the affordability and availability of housing as a key challenge. There are a number of ways in which the affordability and availability of housing affect quality of life.


February 23, 2007

A Call to Action: Why America Must Innovate

In the mid-2000s, the U.S. economy was in a place of remarkable paradox. It had grown at an average of 3 percent annually since the bottom of the 2001 recession, a reasonable rate by historical standards.


February 23, 2007

Cluster-Based Strategies for Growing State Economics

Cluster strategies have the potential to accelerate regional economic growth, but only if they are properly understood and applied. This Governor's Guide examines the changing economic environment in which clusters function, summarizes the lessons learned from recent experience, and offers practical recommendations for cluster initiatives that governors can take to strengthen their states' economies.


February 23, 2007

The 2007 State New Economy Index: Benchmarking Economic Transformation in the States

At the end of the millennium, America was riding high and leading the world in innovation and competitiveness. The information technology (IT) revolution was transforming our world, creating a "New Economy," ending the business cycle and banishing scarcity.


February 23, 2007

Building a Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Agenda

In the new global economy, states need a workforce with the knowledge and skills to compete. A new workforce of problem solvers, innovators, and inventors who are self-reliant and able to think logically is one of the critical foundations that drive innovative capacity in a state.


February 22, 2007

Higher Education Accountability for Student Learning

This Issue Brief describes strategies governors and states can use to help restrain college costs—while extending a quality postsecondary education to a larger segment of the population.


February 19, 2007

Governors' Summits on Extra Learning Opportunities: 2005-06

In 2005-06, ten states held governors' summits on extra learning opportunities (ELOs)—before and afterschool programs, as well as summer learning programs and other opportunities for children and youth that occur outside of the traditional school day.


February 08, 2007

State Policy Options for Funding Transportation

States are facing a number of critical transportation challenges, including finding sufficient resources to finance all of their transportation needs. A recent study by the National Chamber Foundation of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce estimates $222 billion in public investment in highways and transit is needed annually to maintain our current surface transportation system, and an annual public investment of $288 billion is needed to advance the system to a level that enhances the nation's productivity.


February 08, 2007

Improving Public Safety by Expanding the Use of Forensic DNA

This issue brief, made possible through a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice (OJP) National Institute of Justice (NIJ), provides an overview of what forensic DNA is and how it can be used to aid investigations.


January 30, 2007

State Policies to Help Youth Transition Out of Foster Care

Most youth who leave the foster care system do not receive adequate preparation and support for their transition to independent living. Compared to other youth, foster youth are more likely to be homeless, incarcerated, unemployed, and unskilled. They are also more likely to experience physical, developmental, behavioral, and mental health challenges.


January 03, 2007

Healthy States Program

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices launched the Healthy States Program, as part of former NGA Chair Gov. Mike Huckabee's Healthy America initiative.


December 31, 2006

Backgrounder on Health Care Quality Improvement

The great variation in health care quality highlights the profound impact that quality improvement could have in the health care system. This backgrounder provides an overview of health care quality in the U.S. and some examples of what states can do to improve it.


December 11, 2006

A Governor's Guide to Energy Assurance

The U.S. energy industry generates hundreds of billions of dollars in economic activity every year. It is the engine that drives all other sectors of the economy and supports the lifestyles of all Americans. It is also vulnerable to terrorist attack, vandalism, technological failure, and natural disaster.


November 19, 2006

Strategies for States to Achieve Public Safety Wireless Interoperability

Interoperability is a serious, pressing public safety problem that severely undermines the capacities of law enforcement, firefighters, and other first responders to respond to and manage emergency situations. The tragic events of September 11, 2001, focused attention on the urgent need for public safety and other agencies to communicate reliably and effectively with each other when called upon in a crisis.


November 15, 2006

Extra Learning Opportunities: A State Leader's Video Guide to Afterschool

Governors, their senior policy advisors, and other leaders discuss strategies to expand access to and improve the quality of afterschool programs.


October 30, 2006

Connecting the Grid: A Review of State and Regional Transmission Practices

The U.S. electric transmission grid is an interstate system that must be expanded to accommodate increasing energy demand and the development of new generation resources and regional markets in the United States.


October 12, 2006

State Sector Strategies: Regional Solutions to Worker and Employer Needs

Governors in a significant number of states are making sector strategies a central element of their state workforce and economic development policies. Sector strategies build partnerships of employers, training providers, community organizations, and other key stakeholders around specific industries to address the workforce needs of employers and the training, employment, and career advancement needs of workers.


October 04, 2006

State and Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiatives

This Backgrounder provides information on state and regional efforts to address climate change through greenhouse gas emissions reductions in the energy sector.


September 28, 2006

Helping the Working Poor Buy Insurance: Addressing Barriers to Premium Assistance

States continue to express interest in providing health insurance coverage to more people through programs that help employees pay the premiums for such insurance. Some states use premium assistance as a way to reach families who might not otherwise apply for public programs such as Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) while strengthening the private insurance market.


September 27, 2006

Deficit Reduction Act (DRA)

In 2006, the President signed a historical law, the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, that gives the states increased flexibility in administering their Medicaid programs.


September 27, 2006

Improving and Increasing Access to Care: State Health Coverage Expansions Since 2004

Since the height of their budget crises in 2003, states have demonstrated a commitment to expanding coverage to the uninsured. This updated issue brief explores state progress in expanding coverage programs and highlights the most recent innovations in health coverage expansions.


September 25, 2006

Vacant and Abandoned Properties Case Studies

States work in conjunction with local governments to help revitalize communities. Aging urban areas and small towns often have abandoned or vacant properties, and the Case Studies below illustrate how states are supporting efforts to address the unique challenges created by these properties.


September 12, 2006

September 2006 National Policy Council Meeting

On September 11-12, 2006, the NGA Center convened the first meeting of the National Strategic Policy Council on Cyber and Electronic Crime. The policy council is a component of the National Cyber and Electronic Crime Strategic Policy Project, which NGA has established with funding from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.


August 28, 2006

Honor States Communications Toolkit

The 2005 National Education Summit—co-convened by the National Governors Association (NGA and Achieve, Inc—marked an extraordinary opportunity for the nation's political, education and business leaders to build consensus around an agenda for high school improvement - and to continue the momentum toward ensuring every American student graduates high school ready for college or work.


August 13, 2006

Improving Access to Benefits for Low-Income Families

A wide range of benefits are available to assist low-income families including food stamps, Medicaid, child care subsidies, state children's health insurance programs (SCHIP), and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance. Such benefits can improve the economic self-sufficiency of families by encouraging employment and reducing welfare recidivism.


August 06, 2006

Implementing Graduation Counts: State Progress to Date

In 2005 governors of all 50 states signed the Graduation Counts Compact and made an unprecedented commitment to a common method for calculating each state's high school graduation rate. In addition to agreeing to a common formula for calculating the graduation rate, the governors committed to leading efforts to improve state data collection, reporting, and analysis; reporting additional indicators of outcomes for students; and reporting annually on their progress toward improved high school graduation, completion, and dropout data. This report details the progress in implementing the new formula from 2005-2006.


August 04, 2006

Investing in America's Health

The case for investing in wellness and prevention programs to promote better health is made in the, Investing in America's Health.


August 04, 2006

Creating Healthy States: Promoting Healthy Living in the Medicaid Program

Medicaid provides health and long-term care coverage to more than 53 million Americans and maintains an annual operating budget of $320 billion. Given Medicaid's broad reach and high cost to states, officials increasingly are looking to the program as a way to improve the health of state residents and reduce state expenditures associated with poor health conditions.


August 04, 2006

Creating Healthy States: Building Healthier Nutrition Programs

Rates of overweight and obesity have reached epidemic levels in the United States, and no single approach will turn them around.


July 26, 2006

State Financing Strategies to Address the Economic Impacts of Military Base Realignment and Closures

Military installations are a major source of economic stability for states and localities across the nation. When the U.S. Department of Defense reorganizes its military installation infrastructure through the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process, the economic impact can place a great deal of strain on the local community.


July 18, 2006

Fast Facts: Civic Engagement and Older Americans--Volunteerism

Data shows that baby boomers have high levels of interest in volunteering. Eight out of ten Americans over the age of 55 work, volunteer, or care for family members. Six out of ten Americans over the age of 75 participate in such activities. Given that data shows that older volunteers contribute billions of dollars to society through their service, increasing the numbers of volunteers will have an even greater financial impact for communities. Here are some fast facts regarding benefits and barriers to senior volunteerism.


July 18, 2006

Senior Workforce Trends and Benefits

As organizations foresee labor and skill shortages as well as the economic and social impacts of retiring baby boomers, both the private and public sectors are implementing strategies to connect mature workers to meaningful employment. State leaders and policymakers can play a critical role in facilitating the development of these strategies and creating an awareness of the benefits of employing mature workers to communities, businesses, and individuals.


July 17, 2006

Preparing for a Pandemic Influenza: A Primer for Governors and Senior State Officials

When the next pandemic occurs, the impact of the disease and our response to it will join the lexicon of nation-changing incidents like Hurricane Katrina and the September11 attacks. The magnitude of this episode will divide forever the progress of our nation between its pre-pandemic and post-pandemic history.


July 12, 2006

State Strategies for Using IT for an All-Hazards Approach to Homeland Security

Information technology (IT) has become one of the critical components of state homeland security infrastructure in recent decades. States spend millions of dollars every year on prevention, response, and communications technology.


June 13, 2006

The Wait is Over, the Work Begins: Implementing the New TANF Legislation

In February 2006, Congress reauthorized the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program with the passage of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA). The new provisions for TANF present both a challenge and an opportunity for state welfare programs.


May 07, 2006

Enhancing Competitiveness: A Review of Recent State Economic Development Initiatives—2005

States launched a variety of economic development initiatives over the last year, despite limited resources available for new programs. Most initiatives aimed to improve job growth and job quality.


April 11, 2006

Protecting Privacy in Integrated Justice Systems

Major improvements in justice information sharing now allow criminal and civil justice records to be shared, synthesized, sold, and analyzed at speeds and with an ease not previously imagined. Unfortunately, in addition to many public safety benefits, these improvements can have unintended consequences as the sharing of information concerning victims, witnesses, law enforcement, court, and other justice personnel potentially exposes them to harm by violating privacy protections.


April 04, 2006

2006 State Homeland Security Directors Survey: New Challenges, Changing Relationships

Although states typically created homeland security agencies and organizations prior to their federal counterpart, even the oldest consolidated state homeland security structures rarely predate 2000. As these organizations continue to evolve, policymakers remain uncertain about their governance, policies, and priorities.


February 24, 2006

Creating Healthy States: Building Healthy Schools

This Issue Brief offers ways that governors and states can work to build healthy schools


February 24, 2006

Healthy America - Call to Action: An Agenda for America's Governors

Across the nation, the health of Americans is at serious risk due to unhealthy lifestyles, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition.


February 24, 2006

Creating Healthy States: Building Healthy Communities

Governors and states can undertake many actions to help to build healthy populations.


February 24, 2006

Creating Healthy States: Building Healthy Worksites

Governors and states have the opportunity to influence health behaviors while state employees are at work.


February 23, 2006

State Efforts to Promote Reading and Literary Activities in Communities

Rates of reading in the United States have been declining for at least two decades, and the steepest decline is among young adults. Fewer than half of adults read literature-poetry, plays, short stories, or novels-in their leisure time, according to a comprehensive survey by the National Endowment for the Arts.


February 21, 2006

The Governors Speak 2006: Special Analysis of 22 State-of-the-State Addresses

As states continue to face improved economic and budget conditions, governors across the country are emphasizing the need to remain fiscally responsible, according to the first 22 governors to deliver state-of-the-state addresses in 2006.


February 16, 2006

State Efforts to Support Low-Income Families and Communities Through the Earned Income Tax Credit

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is one of the largest antipoverty programs in the country. A refundable tax credit for low-income workers, the EITC has been widely credited with increasing the number of single mothers who work and reducing welfare dependency.


February 16, 2006

Disaster Mitigation Case Studies

States take action to mitigate the effects of future disasters by using land use planning, environmental management, and resource protection strategies to help prevent future losses.


February 09, 2006

Practical Guide to Compatible Civilian Development Near Military Installations

There are several hundred major U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) military installations across the nation, many of which have experienced encroachment from incompatible residential and commercial development.


February 05, 2006

State Policy Options to Encourage Asset Development for Low-Income Families

Broadly defined, assets are investments that appreciate over time such as savings, retirement accounts, and home and business ownership.  Assets also include investments in nontangible property, such as education, training, and skills that can lead to increased wealth and income levels.


February 02, 2006

Graduation Counts: Compact and Task Force Report

In July 2005, all 50 state governors signed the Graduation Counts Compact on State High School Graduation Data. Among the commitments made, governors agreed to report annually their progress on improving their graduation and dropout data. In order to fulfill this important obligation, states need to assess their status relative to the commitments in the compact and use this assessment to identify and take the steps necessary for full implementation.


January 18, 2006

The Professional Science Master’s Degree: Meeting the Skills Needs of Innovative Industries

The Professional Science Master’s (PSM) is a new degree program created to meet growing industry needs for applied scientists and mathematicians and to provide rewarding career opportunities for undergraduate science and math majors.


January 01, 2006

Financing Tools to Address Growth Around Military Installations

Mission growth is an increase in operations at a military installation. The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process allowed the Department of Defense (DoD) to reduce its infrastructure and cut costs by relocating certain operations to other installations.


December 18, 2005

Beyond EMAC: Legal Issues in Mutual Aid for Public Health Practice

Emergency declarations by governors allow them to implement the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC), a multi-state agreement that facilitates the rapid sharing of equipment, personnel and other resources among states.


December 14, 2005

State Policy and the Exercise of the Power of Eminent Domain

Eminent domain is the power of a government to take private property for public use. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires that government exercising this power must provide just compensation to the property owner. While the Constitution sets the federal baseline for government use of eminent domain, state statutes and constitutions can provide state-specific requirements for its use. States already have specific constitutional provisions, statutes, or case law outlining the permissible uses of eminent domain.


October 26, 2005

State Initiatives Promoting Active Living and Providing Access to Healthy Foods

Governors are launching innovative initiatives to provide access to healthy foods and more opportunities for physical activity. There are a range of positive health benefits that can accrue from increased physical activity and access to fresh and healthy foods.


October 26, 2005

Recruiting and Retaining Teachers for Hard-to-Staff Schools

Although states have maintained a focus on recruiting and retaining teachers, many schools and districts still face daunting challenges in ensuring a qualified and competent teaching corps. It is particularly difficult for schools considered hard to staff--those with high concentrations of low-performing, low-income students; high teacher turnover; and relatively high percentages of teachers who are less than fully certified.


October 16, 2005

Reading to Achieve: A Governor's Guide to Adolescent Literacy

Research and best practices identified by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices' Adolescent Literacy Advisory Panel suggest governors pursue five strategies to improve adolescent literacy achievement.


September 25, 2005

Supporting Student Success: A Governor's Guide to Extra Learning Opportunities (ELOs)

Research indicates that the demand for extra learning opportunities (ELOs) exceeds the supply. Furthermore, ELOs for low-income and minority children are limited compared to their white and more affluent peers.


September 08, 2005

Improving Prisoner Reentry Through Strategic Policy Innovations

Sixty-seven percent of former prisoners will be rearrested and more than half return to prison within three years of release. Given the tremendous investment that states are making, policy makers should be concerned about whether or not they are getting the most return for their investment in terms of public safety.


August 29, 2005

Strengthening Rural Economies through the Arts

Every state has areas with rural characteristics. Rural areas are often noted for providing an enhanced quality of life and some of the highly distinctive and treasured dimensions of a state's culture and character. However, these regions also may face economic development challenges such as geographic isolation from metropolitan areas, infrastructure deficiencies, poor links with metropolitan and global markets, and the flight of skilled human resources to metropolitan regions. States have successfully addressed these challenges through the arts.


August 24, 2005

Waiting for Reauthorization: State Experiences in Welfare Reform Since 2001

Since the creation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program in 1996, state welfare programs have evolved in response to changing caseload dynamics, local economic conditions and a greater understanding of the assistance that low-income families need in order to become self-sufficient.


August 18, 2005

Providing Quality Choice Options in Education

The report, Providing Quality Choice Options in Education, details the number of school choice strategies governors are using to improve student achievement and raise graduation rates. The report reviews a variety of state choice policies. In addition, it also features research and analysis by proponents and critics of school choice.


August 10, 2005

Collecting State Motor Fuel Use Taxes and Registration Fees under the North American Free Trade Agreement

Several states need to take action to facilitate collection of fuel use taxes and registration fees due them from the Mexican motor carriers that will begin traveling throughout the United States and Canada under provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).


July 17, 2005

Graduation Counts: A Compact on State High School Graduation Data

Governors from each of the fifty states have adopted a common definition for their high school graduation rate, the National Governors Association announced today. Fifty governors and 12 national organizations have signed onto Graduation Counts: A Compact on State High School Graduation Data.


July 15, 2005

Graduation Counts: A Report of the NGA Task Force on State High School Graduation Data

America's high schools play an integral role in preparing students for college and work in the 21st century. High school success is more important than ever for the health of our economy, for civic life, and to ensure equal opportunity.


June 30, 2005

Containing Medical Malpractice Costs: Recent State Actions

The cost of medical malpractice premiums has risen significantly in the past several years, spurring many physicians to claim they may have to leave their practices for states with lower insurance rates or stop practicing altogether. This Issue Brief examined state efforts to reduce costs to physicians and improve patient care.


June 28, 2005

State Policy Options to Support America's Military Families and Service Members

To increase support for military personnel and their families, the NGA Center and the Department of Defense convened a workshop to bring together governors’ senior policy officials, states’ Adjutants General, and senior Department of Defense officials.


June 13, 2005

State Policies for Shaping Healthy, Active Communities

People who are regularly active enjoy a number of health benefits, including reduced risks of obesity and overweight, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and some cancers.


May 18, 2005

Federal Funding Sources for State Healthy Marriage

Policymakers are concerned by the high rates of divorce and out-of-wedlock births and the implications that these have for the health and well-being of children.


May 18, 2005

Educating Teens about Healthy Relationships

Policymakers are concerned by the high rates of divorce and out-of-wedlock births and their implications for the health and well-being of children.


May 18, 2005

Resources for States Planning Initiatives to Support Healthy Marriages

There are a growing number of resources for state policymakers and program administrators who are interested in exploring initiatives to support healthy marriages in their state. Many of these resources can be accessed via the internet.


May 18, 2005

State Efforts in Marriage Education Programs

States have begun to develop and implement marriage education programs to strengthen families and improve outcomes for children. These programs are intended to enhance communication, problem solving, and conflict-resolution skills among partners to help them develop and sustain healthy marriages.


May 17, 2005

Utilizing GJXDM to Improve Justice Information Sharing: 2005 Policy Academy

Review of activities at the April 2005 GJXDM policy academy


May 17, 2005

Utilizing the Global Justice XML Data Model (GJXDM) to Improve Justice Information Sharing

NGA administered grants to six states to allow them to develop XML technology to improve justice information sharing among existing data sources.


May 17, 2005

State Employee Wellness Initiatives

Citing rising health care costs and alarming health statistics, several governors have implemented wellness and prevention programs in their states in the last few years. The programs generally promote healthy habits, understanding of risks associated with lifestyles, disease management practices, and regular physical activity.


April 27, 2005

Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage State Partnership Conference

In April 2005, the NGA Center, along with its partners the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Council of State Governments, convened a meeting for state officials to help states get ready for the implementation of the new Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit--as well as other aspects of the MMA.


April 20, 2005

Youth Suicide Prevention School-Based Strategies

Every year almost 30,000 Americans complete suicide. More than 10 times as many are hospitalized or treated following a suicide attempt.


March 24, 2005

The Governors Speak 2005: A Report Based on the State-of-the-State Addresses of the Nations Governors

IN THEIR 2005 STATE-OF-THE-STATE ADDRESSES, governors from across the country and in the nation's territories highlighted improved economic conditions and budgetary outlook, and the opportunities presented thereby for making progress in such long-standing areas of challenge as high school reform, high-wage job growth, health care costs, and natural resource planning.


February 28, 2005

Getting it Done: Ten Steps to a State Action Agenda

The NGA Center identified 10 steps governors can take to put their states on the right path toward redesigning high schools. Getting it Done offers a series of best practices and achievable policy actions governors can use to get started on high school reform in the next 12 to 18 months.


February 16, 2005

Survey: States Make Strides in Homeland Security, Challenges Remain

An NGA Center for Best Practices issue brief summarizes the results of a survey of state homeland security advisors and documents the continued progress and remaining challenges facing the states in a post-9/11 world.


February 13, 2005

2005 National Education Summit on High Schools

The 2005 National Education Summit was an extraordinary opportunity for the nation's political, education and business leaders to build consensus around an agenda for high school improvement - and to continue the momentum toward ensuring every American student graduates high school ready for college or work.


February 07, 2005

State Long Term Care Preparedness

The NGA Center convened a Policy Academy on State Long Term Care Preparedness to assist states in developing customized strategies to prepare their long term care systems for increased demand for community-based living. Strategies included enhancing community infrastructure.


January 23, 2005

Cities Readiness Initiative


January 23, 2005

Building the Foundation for Bright Futures

The NGA Task Force on School Readiness offers recommendations and policy options for what governors can do to promote ready states, ready schools, ready communities, ready families, and ready children in Building the Foundation for Bright Futures: Final Report of the NGA Task Force on School Readiness and companion piece, Building the Foundation for Bright Futures: A Governor's Guide to School Readiness.


January 23, 2005

Enhancing Competitiveness: A Review of Recent State Economic Development Initiatives—2004

States launched a variety of economic development initiatives over the last year, despite limited resources available for new programs. Most initiatives aimed to improve job growth and job quality.


December 09, 2004

Fact Sheet: Mental Health and Aging

The cost of untreated mental illness in the United States is estimated at more than $100 billion, annually. Nearly half of that cost, ($47 billion) can be attributed to people aged 60 and over.


December 07, 2004

Measuring the Years: State Aging Trends & Indicators

A part of the NGA Center's Aging Initiative: State Policies for a Changing America, this publication is designed to identify current trends and future directions related to an aging America, and to assist state policymakers in creating programs and policies that respond to unique needs of the people in their state.


November 16, 2004

Collaboration Around Youth Suicide Prevention - November 2004

The third Youth Suicide Prevention Roundtable took place November 15-16, 2004 in Chicago, Illinois.


November 08, 2004

Integrating Affordable Housing with State Development Policy

Housing has substantial impacts on economic competitiveness, shapes the development of metropolitan areas, and affects the cost of infrastructure. Housing initiatives offer opportunities for gubernatorial leadership across many agencies of government, and for public, civic, and private sector collaboration.


November 01, 2004

Reorganizing State Health Agencies

In 2003, most states began the year struggling to protect even their highest priority programs from budget reductions. The downturn in state tax revenue collections compounded by the rising cost of the Medicaid program and health care in general forced states to cut $11.8 billion from their fiscal 2003 enacted budgets. As a result of fiscal pressures, many governors placed an emphasis on downsizing, reorganizing, and streamlining state government to achieve efficiencies and create cost-savings.


September 15, 2004

State Strategies to Address Encroachment at Military Installations

This recently updated issue brief describes what steps states and localities are taking to address this problem.


September 06, 2004

A Governors Guide to Children's Cabinets

Governors' Children's Cabinets are collaborative governance structures that seek to promote coordination across state agencies and improve the well-being of children and families. A strong and effective Children's Cabinet can improve coordination and efficiency across state departments and local levels of government; mobilize resources around the governor's priorities for children; facilitate a holistic approach to serving children; and strengthen partnerships with the non-profit and private sectors.


August 26, 2004

State Purchasing Pools for Prescription Drugs: What's Happening and How Do They Work?

States are using their market power to achieve cost reductions, reduce inefficiencies in the purchase of prescription drugs, and manage pharmaceutical benefits.


August 04, 2004

Fixing It First

In an era of strained budgets, many states have found it too expensive to build as they have for the last fifty years. For much of that period, state development spending has been driven by costly growth patterns. Seeing an opportunity to control expenditures and enhance the quality of life in their states, a number of governors have chosen a new path.


July 20, 2004

Out-of-Field Teaching: The Great Obstacle to Meeting the 'Highly Qualified' Teacher Challenge

As states seek to meet the federal "highly qualified" teacher requirements, federal data provide insight about teacher qualifications and the challenge posed by the misunderstood practice of out-of-field teaching.


July 12, 2004

Measuring and Increasing Federal Funds to Your State

A long-standing interest of all states is to ensure that they receive their fair share of federal dollars in the form of grants, direct investments, and other spending.


July 07, 2004

Improving Birth Outcomes and Reducing High Risk Births

While most families have healthy child birth outcomes, poor birth outcomes are emotionally and financially devastating for families. Poor birth outcomes are also costly for state and federal financing programs.


June 29, 2004

State Disease Management Programs

States are implementing disease management programs through Medicaid and public health programs to improve care quality and reduce health care costs throughout the system.


June 07, 2004

National Alcohol & Drug Addiction Recovery Month

States can use Recovery Month resources to advance notion that recovery from alcohol and drug addiction is possible, laudable, and desirable for individuals, families, and communities as a whole.


June 02, 2004

Leadership for Turning Around Low-Performing Schools

Eight Western U.S. states sent representatives to a two-day meeting that explored the connections between educational leadership and school improvement.


April 21, 2004

Using the Trade Adjustment Assistance Act (TAA) to Provide Health Care Coverage to Displaced Workers

This Issue Brief details the different options states have chosen to provide their residents with health insurance benefits under TAA and explores problems or barriers states encountered during the application and implementation processes. It also details state roles and responsibilities and provides information on promising procedures.


April 11, 2004

Fact Sheet on the 2005 BRAC Process

''BRAC'' stands for ''Base Realignment and Closure.'' It is the process that the Department of Defense (DoD) uses to reorganize its installation infrastructure to more efficiently and effectively support its forces, increase operational readiness, and facilitate new ways of doing business.


March 18, 2004

Manufacturing's Performance and Prospects

Manufacturing is an important sector of the American economy and an important employer, providing jobs that pay almost 30 percent more than those of the average private nonfarm worker. Unfortunately, manufacturing also has shed more jobs over the last several years than any other sector.


March 10, 2004

Incorporating Local Justice Information in State Justice Systems

Incorporating Local Justice Information in State Systems is a new NGA Center issue brief that examines the need for states to more effectively utilize local criminal justice information.


March 06, 2004

Suicide Prevention Backgrounder

The NGA Center has been involved in a number of initiatives to help states raise awareness of this issue and to improve states' ability to prevent and respond to these tragedies. This Backgrounder provides information about the definition of suicide, who is impacted, and why this issue is important to states.


March 03, 2004

NGA 2004 Winter Meeting Special Session on the National Challenge of Prisoner Reentry

This session highlighted efforts and options to improve prisoner reentry and reduce recidivism from the state, the national, and the federal perspectives.


March 01, 2004

Enhancing the Capacity for Cross-Systems Innovation

State officials note that federal funding silos, different eligibility and reporting requirements, and conflicting regulations can make it difficult to serve families comprehensively and effectively. Under the flexibility provided by the 1996 TANF legislation, some states developed programs to deliver coordinated services through initiatives employing imaginative cross-program integration.


February 25, 2004

A Governor's Guide to Strengthening State Entrepreneurship Policy

In A Governor's Guide to Strengthening State Entrepreneurship Policy, the NGA Center for Best Practices provides governors with strategies and promising practices to help support the growth of entrepreneurial firms in their states. The information in this guide stems from a two-year NGA Center for Best Practices State Policy Academy on Entrepreneurship, supported by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. The academy convened a select group of state policy teams to address means of enhancing entrepreneurial capacity.


February 19, 2004

Tapping State Leadership to Manage Endangered Species

The successful management of threatened and endangered species depends on cooperation between state and federal governments as well as local landowners. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was enacted to facilitate state-federal coordination in species management.


January 07, 2004

Rescuing the Health Workforce: Options for State Action

'Rescuing the Health Workforce: Options for State Action' explores state efforts in combating nursing and long-term care direct care workers shortages.


December 31, 2003

Governors' Extra Learning Opportunities (ELO) Summits - 2004

This Issue Brief provides an overview of the Governors' ELO Summits held in 2004.


December 16, 2003

Governors' Forum on Quality Preschool

The NGA Center held the Governors' Forum on Quality Preschool to provide governors a forum to discuss the opportunities and challenges they face in promoting high quality learning experiences for young children. Over twenty state teams of high level policy decision makers participated in this two-day event to discuss issues in-depth and share best practices.


December 15, 2003

State Policy Options for Supporting Healthy Marriages

Policymakers are concerned by the high rates of divorce and out-of-wedlock births and the implications that these have for the health and well-being of children.


December 02, 2003

Collaboration Around Youth Suicide Prevention - December 2003

The second YSP Roundtable took place December 1-2, 2003 in New Orleans, Louisiana .


November 18, 2003

Doing More with Less: Recent State Coverage Expansions

As the number of uninsured individuals increases, the costs to individuals and governments intensify. Without insurance, people are more likely to go without needed care, to over-utilize emergency services, and to be admitted to the hospital with more severe complications.


November 11, 2003

State Actions to Control Health Care Costs

As forecasters continue to predict double-digit rates of medical inflation and growing state budget deficits, states are aggressively attempting to rein in health care costs by managing patients, the market, and the consumption of benefits.


November 02, 2003

Planning for Government Continuity

The document provides an overview of and guidance for developing and implementing Continuity of Government (COG) plans at the state level.


November 02, 2003

Justice Information Sharing Grants, Round 2

In 2003 the NGA Center for Best Practices offered all states $25,000 grants for statewide justice information sharing initiatives. This is the second round of funding that has been provided by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance to states.


October 15, 2003

HIPAA & the States: Countdown to Compliance

States are making a good faith effort to comply with HIPAA and minimize potential disruptions to key programs and services.


October 14, 2003

HIPAA, Corrections, Law Enforcement, and the Courts

HIPAA resources for correctional authorities, law enforcement agencies, and court systems.


October 14, 2003

HIPAA & Public Schools

HIPAA resources for educational agencies and institutions.


October 14, 2003

HIPAA, Public Health, and Health Research

HIPAA resources for public health agencies.


October 14, 2003

HIPAA, State Employee Benefits, and Workers' Compensation

HIPAA resources for employers and workers' compensation administrators.


October 10, 2003

HIPAA Multimedia Events

The NGA Center is convening a series of webcasts and audioconferences designed to help states manage HIPAA's impact on state budgets, systems of care, and peripheral government operations.


September 29, 2003

Fact Sheet on the Uninsured


September 16, 2003

Improving Teaching and Learning by Improving School Leadership

To prepare and develop better principals, governors need to improve the system of leadership development in their states - particularly in the areas of licensure, preparation, and professional development.


August 18, 2003

Reaching New Heights: Turning Around Low-Performing Schools - A Guide for Governors

A policy framework for improving schools that highlights best practices from states and districts.


August 04, 2003

Justice Information Sharing Regional Workshops (2003)

The Center for Best Practices is holding its third round of justice information sharing regional workshops to focus on policy issues, such as performance measures and milestones for integrated justice.


July 06, 2003

Strategies States Can Use to Employ Persons with Mental Illness

By providing treatment, supports, and employment services, many persons with mental illness can sustain employment, become more self-sufficient, contribute to society, and reduce funding in supportive services for states.


May 29, 2003

The Latest on the Maine Rx Court Case

The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of the State of Maine in a recent lawsuit brought by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA).


May 05, 2003

How States Are Using Arts and Culture to Strengthen Their Global Trade Development

As new international trade and investment treaty negotiations by the federal government progress, governors will be called upon to promote their states' businesses in a tight budget environment.


April 10, 2003

NGA Hosts Roundtable Discussion on e-Governance

The NGA Center for Best Practices will host an e-Governance Roundtable on 'Reshaping State Business Processes: Leadership, Management and Resources.'


March 25, 2003

State Wetland Programs

Wetlands provide important economic and ecological services and protect and improve water quality, provide fish and wildlife habitats, store floodwaters and maintain surface flow during dry periods.


March 25, 2003

New Mission for Brownfields

"Brownfields" is a catch-all term for the approximately 450,000 former industrial and commercial sites across the United States that are contaminated, unused, and often abandoned. Unless they can be cleaned up, these sites will continue to burden area economies, causing blight and discouraging local growth.


March 24, 2003

The 340B Drug Pricing Program

The 340B Drug Pricing program allows federally designated community health centers or other federally qualified covered entities to purchase pharmaceuticals below the Medicaid rebate price.


March 23, 2003

Preferred Drug Lists and Supplemental Rebates: Managing Care and Containing Costs

Several states have implemented 'Preferred Drug Lists' (PDLs) to steer beneficiaries toward drugs that are therapeutically appropriate and less expensive.


March 12, 2003

Disease Management: The New Tool for Cost Containment and Quality Care

This issue brief outlines state strategies for using disease management systems to improve patient health outcomes and limit health care spending.


March 12, 2003

Justice Information Sharing Project States Implementation

In January 2002, twenty-six states received a total of $16.4 million from the U.S. Department of Justice to implement justice information sharing initiatives in their state. The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) provides funding and grant administration with the NGA Center for Best Practices (Center) providing technical support and monitoring assistance.


March 05, 2003

Justice Integration Project States Workshop

On January 23-24, 2003 the NGA Center for Best Practices conducted a workshop for the 26 Justice Integration project states in Washington, DC.


February 20, 2003

Reducing Pharmacy Fraud, Abuse and Waste: Promising Practices of States

As states continue their struggle with spiraling Medicaid costs, their ability to reduce fraud, waste and abuse may result in an effective approach that allows states to contain costs without reducing benefits and eligibility.


February 06, 2003

Innovative State Policy Options to Promote Rural Economic Development

States employing economic development strategies that build on a region's strengths have been more successful in creating dynamic rural economies.


January 24, 2003

Collaboration Around Youth Suicide Prevention - January 2003

The first "Collaboration Around Youth Suicide Prevention (YSP): A Workshop for State Health and Mental Health Officials" was held on January 23-24, 2003 in Seattle, Washington.


January 16, 2003

Maine Court Case - Continued

The latest in the Circuit Court of Appeals case on the Healthy Maine Prescriptions Program.


December 31, 2002

State Incentive Grants (SIGs) for Prevention

State Incentive Grants (SIGs) may be used to coordinate services, systems, and funding streams to prevent the use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs.


December 31, 2002

State Incentive Grants (SIGs) for Treatment

State Incentive Grants (SIGs) may be used to coordinate services, systems, and funding streams to treat addiction to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs.


December 29, 2002

Improving Public Transportation Services through Effective Statewide Coordination

This report identifies the benefits of transportation coordination, the range of programs and players, mechanisms states are using to create coordinating bodies, and potential challenges and available resources.


December 08, 2002

Improving Teacher Evaluation to Improve Teaching Quality

Reforming teacher evaluation holds promise as a strategy to improve instruction and raise student achievement.


December 04, 2002

NCLB: Summary of Final Title I Regulations

NGA summary of Title I regulations. These regulations were released on November 26, 2002.


November 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of Paraprofessional Draft Guidance

NGA summary of No Child Left Behind's draft paraprofessional guidance.


November 20, 2002

State Efforts to Improve Children's Oral Health

Most children enjoy optimal oral health, but for a significant number of children, bad oral health is a painful and chronic reality.


November 19, 2002

Growing with Less Greenhouse Gases

This report cites expanding transportation choices, conserving greenspaces, and promoting new community designs as effective smart growth strategies for reducing greenhouse gases.


November 12, 2002

Optimizing State Investments for Justice Information Sharing

A new Issue Brief from the NGA Center for Best Practices, Optimizing State Investments for Justice Information Sharing, provides strategies on how states can finance justice information sharing systems using the existing constraints of 'stovepipe' funding.


November 07, 2002

Family Literacy: A Strategy for Educational Improvement

Incorporating family literacy into educational programs for children and adults results in a flexible and comprehensive strategy that can improve educational outcomes. This Issue Brief describes family literacy and innovative state approaches to family literacy.


October 30, 2002

2002 State Emergency Response Commission Conference Highlights

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office sponsored the 2002 Annual SERC Chairs Conference.


October 29, 2002

Managing Health Care Costs: Lessons from the Private Sector

'Managing Health Care Costs: Lessons from the Private Sector,' highlights cost savings and quality improvement strategies from the private sector that may be applicable to states as large employers and health care purchasers.


October 17, 2002

State Policy Approaches to Promote Metropolitan Economic Strategy

A key issue to emerge from the NGA Center for Best Practices' 2001-2002 initiative, "State Leadership in the Global Economy" was that economic activity and innovation occur in a regional context, and policymakers ignore this fact at their peril. The nation's metropolitan regions - identified by the cities that they encompass but are chiefly fueled by the suburban economies that surround them - have taken center stage in new understandings of innovation-based economic growth.


October 07, 2002

Substance Abuse: State Actions to Aid Recovery

States are finding innovative ways to curb the burden of substance abuse on state budgets, economic productivity, and the well-being of individuals and families.


September 30, 2002

HIPAA Fact Sheets

Summaries of and selected excerpts from HIPAA's Privacy, Security, and Administrative Simplification provisions, targeted to select audiences.


September 29, 2002

NCLB: Interview with Richard Mills about AYP

Richard Mills, Commissioner of New York State Schools, gives his thoughts about No Child Left Behind's AYP provisions.


September 26, 2002

Aftereffects of Terrorism - Mental Health

Part of the fallout from the events of September 11 was an increased utilization of mental health services and an increased awareness that emotional disorders can affect anyone.


September 26, 2002

New Freedom Commission and Federal Parity Initiatives

A new administration is re-examining the issue of mental health parity.


September 03, 2002

Performance-Based Environmental Cleanups

Environmental cleanups have traditionally been conducted on a time and materials (T&M) basis, meaning that a contractor bills the client based upon hours worked and cost of materials used to complete the job. Because there are no performance standards or time limits, cleanups can go on longer than necessary and the best technologies are not utilized, therefore driving up the costs.


September 03, 2002

HIPAA

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) introduced a new era of federal/state partnership in regulating the health care marketplace.


August 05, 2002

Interstate Strategies for Transmission Planning and Expansion

The U.S. electricity sector has traditionally consisted of regulated monopolies that produced and transmitted power to local customers within given service territories. While this industry structure remains largely intact in some areas of the country (e.g., the Southeastern United States) and continues to work effectively, others have seen dramatic changes in the electric power sector. Today, more than half of the electricity generated in the U.S. is traded in regional wholesale markets before being delivered to the end-use customer. In this new landscape, generation and transmission are increasingly provided by different companies.


July 30, 2002

State Leadership in the Global Economy

The tools provided under NGA's yearlong examination of state economic competitiveness should help foster a new understanding of economic development and prepare states for the 21st century.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of Teacher Quality Legislation

NGA summary of No Child Left Behind's teacher quality legislation.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of Teacher Quality Draft Guidance

NGA summary of No Child Left Behind's draft teacher quality guidance.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of Proposed Regulations

NGA summary of No Child Left Behind's proposed regulations.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of AYP Legislation

NGA summary of No Child Left Behind's AYP legislation.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Summary of a Letter Concerning AYP

NGA summary of a letter from the Secretary of Education about No Child Left Behind's annual yearly progress provisions.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Interview with Lisa Graham Keegan about AYP

Lisa Graham Keegan, Director of the Education Leaders' Council, gives her thoughts about No Child Left Behind's AYP provisions.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Interview with Eric Hirsch about Teacher Quality

Eric Hirsch, Executive Director of the Alliance for Teaching Quality, gives his thoughts about No Child Left Behind's teacher quality provisions.


July 25, 2002

NCLB: Teacher Quality

NGA introduction to No Child Left Behind teacher quality provisions and links to more information.


July 17, 2002

NGA Task Force on Electricity Infrastructure Releases Interstate Transmission Report

The NGA Task Force on Electricity Infrastructure has released a new report that recommends the creation of Multi-State Entities (MSEs) to facilitate state coordination on transmission planning, certification, and siting at a regional level.


July 14, 2002

A Governor's Guide to Cluster-Based Economic Development

NGA provides governors with the tools for structuring economic development policies to help make business clusters more innovative and competitive.


July 14, 2002

A Governor's Guide to Creating a 21st-Century Workforce

NGA provides governors with tools to restructure workforce development systems to meet the demands of the 21st century, global economy


July 14, 2002

A Governor's Guide to Trade and Global Competitiveness

In A Governors Guide to Trade and Global Competitiveness, NGA explores the changing global environment for state trade and investment promotion.  Globalization requires that all companies develop cooperative business networks and more sophisticated strategies in the global marketplace.


July 14, 2002

A Governor's Guide to Building State Science and Technology Capacity

Today's state leaders face two economic challenges: to maintain national leadership in job and wealth creation and to compete successfully in a global economy. The key to both of these goals is innovative capacity.


June 13, 2002

Policy Academy: Improving Oral Health Care for Children

States are employing a number of innovative approaches to improve the quality of children's oral health.


May 27, 2002

HIPAA Issue Briefs

These Issue Briefs are intended to answer more in-depth policy concerns about HIPAA’s Privacy, Security, and Administrative Simplification provisions. The briefs highlight strategies states pursued to manage HIPAA's impact and revealed how states are prioritized their limited resources to address outstanding compliance gaps.


May 26, 2002

HIPAA Privacy

HIPAA requires health plans, health care providers, and information clearinghouses to ensure individually identifiable health information remains confidential and secure.


May 25, 2002

HIPAA Administrative Simplification

The HIPAA Administrative Simplification rules require health plans, health care providers, and information clearinghouses to standardize how certain administrative and financial health care information is exchanged electronically.


May 24, 2002

HIPAA Compliance & Enforcement

HIPAA directed the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to promulgate a regulation - the Enforcement Rule - to establish rules of procedure for investigating, prosecuting, and imposing penalties for HIPAA violations. These Fact Sheets discuss these provisions.


May 24, 2002

HIPAA Security

HIPAA directed the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to promulgate a regulation - the Security Rule - to ensure the integrity, safety, and security of patient health information that is collected, stored, exchanged, or otherwise used in the health care marketplace. This Fact Sheet provides comprehensive information for states about his rule.


May 23, 2002

HIPAA Public-Private Collaboratives

States are working with the private sector to exchange ideas and resources for HIPAA compliance.


April 30, 2002

The Impact of Arts Education on Workforce Preparation

This Issue Brief provides examples of arts-based education as a money-and time-saving option for states looking to build skills, increase academic success, heighten standardized test scores, and lower the incidence of crime among general and at-risk populations.


April 18, 2002

Governing Magazine's Managing Technology 2002 Conference

NGA hosted a special session at Governing Magazine's Managing Technology 2002 Conference, May 29-31 at the Wyndham Emerald Plaza Hotel, San Diego, CA.


April 17, 2002

HIPAA Presentations

NGA Center presentations exploring the policy-related challenges of implementing HIPAA and state strategies to achieve compliance.


April 01, 2002

Increasing Access to Housing for Low-Income Families

Across the nation, the housing needs of low-income families are growing rapidly. In the last decade, major changes in social policies and an expanding economy led to greater labor force participation by single mothers, declines in unemployment rates among women and minorities, and higher real wages for the country's less-skilled workforce.


March 24, 2002

Extra Learning Opportunities: Vital Components of Student Achievement

High-quality extra learning opportunities support standards-based education by improving student outcomes: increasing school-day attendance, grades, and test scores. This Issue Brief focuses on how Governors can support high-quality ELOs.


March 20, 2002

Maine Court Case

The latest in the Circuit Court of Appeals case on the Healthy Maine Prescriptions Program.


March 14, 2002

Making Medicaid Better

This paper outlines ways Medicaid can be improved to allow states the ability to re-structure eligibility, simplify program administration, and to cover more low-income uninsured individuals and families.


March 12, 2002

Justice Information Sharing Regional Workshops (2002)

The NGA Center for Best Practices conducted two regional workshops that provided technical assistance to states on implementing justice information sharing solutions. The workshops focused on ways in which states can measure performance, work with local governments, and include Governors in developing policy solutions.


March 12, 2002

Improving Public Safety through Justice Information Sharing

A new Issue Brief from the NGA Center for Best Practices, Improving Public Safety through Justice Information Sharing, examines the importance of information sharing among the components of states' justice systems.


February 21, 2002

Using Medicaid Waivers for Pharmaceutical Benefits to Seniors

While the federal government considers a prescription drug benefit in Medicare, states are exploring ways to help low-income seniors access medications.


December 20, 2001

Setting High Academic Standards in Alternative Education

This Issue Brief explores issues related to the introduction of high academic standards in alternative education programs and presents a number of recommendations for state policymakers.


December 04, 2001

Homeland Security: The Cost to States for Ensuring Public Health and Safety

To obtain a preliminary estimate of state costs for homeland security, NGA surveyed governors in early November - a little over six weeks since the September 11 attacks.


December 03, 2001

Strengthening the Mental Health Safety Net: Issues and Innovations

States are finding ways to strengthen the mental health safety net through improved coordination among human services, public housing, and criminal justice programs.


November 26, 2001

Renewing Our Commitment to Learning and Assessment: Institute for Governors' Education Advisors

Presentations and resources from our annual Institute for Governors' Education Advisors


November 19, 2001

Addendum to State Initiatives to Promote Cost-Effective Use of Pharmacy Benefits: Recent State Activities

This Issue Brief outlines state legislative and executive activities to reduce pharmaceutical costs within Medicaid or State Employee Programs.


October 23, 2001

Pharmaceutical Purchasing Pools

To gain better control of prescription drug costs, states are investigating and forming purchasing alliances to negotiate pharmaceutical prices, discounts, and rebates with manufacturers.


October 18, 2001

Recent Federal Reports on Terrorism

An up-dated list of federal reports concerning domestic preparedness.


October 02, 2001

Addendum to State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs: Florida Medicaid and Bristol-Myers Squibb

In response to Florida's new Medicaid law - which allows the state to negotiate directly with drug companies to obtain additional Medicaid drug rebates* - Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. created a disease management program to better manage the care of chronically ill patients.


September 18, 2001

Emergency Management Accreditation Program (EMAP) - Managing for Results

Recognizing that state and local emergency management programs play a crucial role in creating safe communities and reducing disaster impacts, several national organizations recently cooperated to develop the Emergency Management Accreditation Program (EMAP).


September 18, 2001

Annual Assessments of Environmental Conditions and Agency Effectiveness

Several states issue regular reports on the state of their environment, and are using the data contained in those reports to move to a more performance-based system of environmental management.


September 18, 2001

Evaluating Statewide Early Childhood Initiatives

Carnegie Corporation of New York is funding the National Governors Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices to help states build more comprehensive systems of early care and education by helping them evaluate and monitor the progress of state early childhood initiatives.


August 31, 2001

Building Better e-Government: Focus of e-Government Task Force

Motivational speaker Dr. Michael Hammer, founder and director of several high-technology firms, and named by Time Magazine to its first list of America's 25 most influential individuals spoke at the e-Governance Task Force at the National Governors Association's (NGA) 93rd Annual Meeting August 4-7 in Providence Rhode Island.


August 04, 2001

Private Lands, Public Benefits: Principles for Advancing Working Lands Conservation

Through "working lands conservation" (conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment using private farms, ranches, and forestlands), landowners can produce public "environmental goods" in conjunction with the food and fiber they have historically provided.


August 02, 2001

Addendum to State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs: The Maine Rx Program

In May 2000, Governor Angus King signed into law an Act to 'Establish Fairer Pricing for Prescription Drugs' creating the Maine Rx Program. Maine Rx is open to all residents without prescription drug coverage with incomes above 300 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL).


August 01, 2001

Addendum to State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs: Florida Medicaid and Pfizer Inc.

In June 2001, Florida Governor Jeb Bush signed a Medicaid initiative into law that allows Florida to negotiate additional discounts on prescription drugs for Medicaid beneficiaries.


July 30, 2001

The Power of Outcomes: Strategic Thinking to Improve Results for Our Children, Families, and Communities

This is one of two papers that draw on state and community experiences to share lessons learned in bringing a results orientation to community mobilization, strategic planning, budgeting, management and accountability processes. Although the focus of these papers is on child and family policy, the lessons learned and advice given are just as relevant to other policy areas.


July 30, 2001

The Evolving Nature of Welfare Reform: Where We Stand on the Eve of Reauthorization

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 dramatically transformed the nature of public assistance in the United States, replacing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. This paper seeks to paint a picture of what welfare reform looks like in states today, how goals and strategies have evolved over the five years of implementation, and how states have used TANF's flexibility to help welfare recipients and other low-income families.


July 25, 2001

Testimony on State Pharmacy Programs before the Missouri Special Task Force on Prescription Drugs

Missouri's Special Task Force on Prescription Drugs is holding hearings to determine the best approach to provide prescription drug assistance for its seniors.


July 23, 2001

New Community Design to the Rescue

New Community Design (NCD) offers a distinct alternative to the developmental "sprawl" that has dominated real estate growth over the last 50 years. NCD principles can be used to create vibrant neighborhoods of housing, parks, and schools within walking distance of shops, civic services, jobs, and transit - in short, a modern version of the traditional American town of times past.


July 12, 2001

Preparing the Nation: A Policy Summit on Domestic Terrorism

Materials and speeches related to the Domestic Terrorism National Summit


June 29, 2001

Addressing Substance Abuse and Mental Health Problems under Welfare Reform: State Issues and Strategies

Since the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, states have dramatically reduced cash assistance caseloads and have placed substantial numbers of former welfare recipients into jobs. However, states still face challenges as they continue to implement welfare reform, including helping individuals with substance abuse and mental health problems successfully make the transition to work.


June 24, 2001

Leadership for eGovernment Transformation, June 6, 2001, Philadelphia

The National Governors Association, in conjunction with Governing magazine's Managing Technology conference, held a special session on Leadership for eGovernment Transformation. Wyoming Gov. Jim Geringer and Kentucky Gov. Paul E. Patton, co-chairs of NGA's eGovernance Task Force, moderated and provided remarks on fostering eGovernment transformation.


June 24, 2001

The Role of the Arts in Economic Development

The arts are emerging as a potent force in the economic life of cities and rural areas nationwide and are serving as a direct and indirect contributor to state economies.


May 30, 2001

Opening Doors: Expanding Educational Opportunities for Low-Income Workers

As programs mature, states are building on the core purposes of work, personal responsibility, and family formation and are articulating more specific goals related to job retention and career advancement, child and family well-being, and long-term self-sufficiency.  States' welfare reform goals continue to evolve as they learn from research and evaluation, and respond to changing caseload dynamics and increasing expectations.


May 24, 2001

Center for Best Practices Hosting Discussion on Prisoner Reentry

NGA is co-hosting a discussion on the Urban Institute's report 'From Prison to Home: The Dimensions and Consequences of Prisoner Reentry.'


May 16, 2001

Within Reach: Realizing the Vision of High Standards

The vision of high standards is within reach. This report points out the ways of sustaining school improvement.


May 08, 2001

State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs

While the U.S. Congress and the Bush administration debate the inclusion of a prescription drug benefit under the Medicare program, many states are designing and implementing individual pharmaceutical assistance programs for their low-income populations.


April 03, 2001

Standards and Accountability: Strategies for Sustaining Momentum

On April 5-6, the NGA Center--in partnership with the other members of the State Education Improvement Partnership and Achieve, Inc.--will host a conference for state policymakers on addressing some of the most critical issues and challenges of standards-based reform. This conference is designed to help states sustain the progress they are making in raising standards and improving student achievement.


February 23, 2001

Improving Children's Reading Ability Through Volunteer Reading Tutoring Programs

Governors and other state policymakers are turning to volunteer reading tutoring programs to improve children's reading ability. This Issue Brief discusses the four elements of an effective volunteer reading tutoring program.


February 23, 2001

Improving Early Literacy Skills to Reduce Special Education Referrals

A noticeable percentage of all fourth grade children have reading skills below the “basic” level. According to research, demonstrates that early intervention can make a difference. States can use several strategies to build literacy skills and lower special education referrals.


February 23, 2001

Making Writing Instruction Work

This Issue Brief provides Governors and other policymakers with recommendations and strategies for strengthening the nexus between reading and writing instruction.


February 23, 2001

Developing and Supporting Literacy-Rich Environments for Children

Early reading success is a strong predictor of academic success in later grades, and the early childhood years (birth through age eight) are critical ones for literacy development. This Issue Brief defines literacy-rich environments and discusses what actions states can take to support these environments.


February 23, 2001

Improving Reading by Preparing Teachers

Most teachers are not prepared to teach reading. Teaching reading requires specialized knowledge about language, how children learn and acquire literacy skills, and a variety of instructional strategies. This Issue Brief discusses strategies policymakers can take to improve reading instruction.


January 07, 2001

Chart on State Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs

Beginning in the mid 1970s states have been establishing and expanding programs that assist the elderly, disabled, and chronically ill to purchase and acquire pharmaceuticals. This chart provides information on state pharmaceutical assistance programs for these populations.


January 04, 2001

Evaluating Statewide, Community-based Initiatives for Young Children

More and more states are implementing statewide initiatives for children that give communities the flexibility to coordinate services to meet local needs. Funders, both state and private, require outcome-based evaluations that show the services are having positive impacts on the children served. This Issue Brief summarizes the challenges of evaluating state and local children's initiatives and probes some of the solutions to these challenges.


November 29, 2000

American Red Cross Disaster Services Program

A fact sheet which explains the roles and responsibilities of the Red Cross in disaster response activities.


November 28, 2000

Implementing the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act

This issue brief describes actions that states need to take to effectively implement the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act


November 28, 2000

In the Fast Lane: Delivering More Transportation Choices to Break Gridlock

By creatively combining transportation and growth planning, some states are doing a better job of addressing traffic congestion -- the number-one quality-of-life complaint of Americans.


November 25, 2000

Selling the Concept of Justice Integration

Presenting justice-related integration goals in the context of broader information systems goals for the state


November 25, 2000

The Central Elements of an Integration Implementation Plan

Defining integration, and the scope and focus of the integration initiative.


October 27, 2000

EPCRA Minimal Risk Policy Forum, November 16, 2000

Representatives from seven states met with EPA to discuss potential changes to the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). The following is a summary of that meeting.


October 16, 2000

Building Bridges Across Systems: State Innovations to Address and Prevent Family Violence

Research shows that children with a history of maltreatment are 25 percent more likely to engage in antisocial behaviors and to suffer from mental illness. There is a strong correlation between domestic violence and a family's involvement with the welfare system. Approximately 20 percent to 30 percent of women on welfare are current victims of domestic abuse and about 60 percent have experienced domestic abuse at some point in their lives.


July 27, 2000

Managed Care

The cost-centered aspect of managed care has led to fears that managed care will value profits over service delivery. Policymakers have responded by enacting regulations to protect consumers and service providers.


June 29, 2000

Research Findings on Early Childhood Intervention Programs

High/Scope Perry Preschool Project, Carolina Abecedarian Project, Parents as Teachers, Prenatal/Early Infancy Project, Infant and Health Development Program, AVANCE, Early Training Project, Harlem Training Project, Milwaukee Project


June 29, 2000

From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development

A summary of the report from the National Academy of Science


June 05, 2000

Growing Pains: Quality of Life in the New Economy

This report illustrates Governors' choices from a wealth of ideas and experiments underway throughout the United States. National attention to growth-related issues is expanding, and the role of Governors is becoming more important.


June 01, 2000

Tier II Electronic Reporting Forum, January 31, 2001

Representatives from eight states met with EPA/CEPPO to provide EPA with guidance and advice on developing an updated Tier II electronic submission system and how new Cameo software could be implemented to facilitate that process.


May 30, 2000

Information Technology: Creating Real Change for Small Business

This report calls on the nation's governors to create "one-stop shopping" web sites to help entrepreneurs register their new businesses.


May 14, 2000

Nurturing Entrepreneurial Growth in State Economies

This report examines the unique role entrepreneurs play in the new economy and provides governors with strategies for encouraging entrepreneurial growth.


May 10, 2000

Hearing before the Senate Appropriations Committee, Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, and State

May 8-10, 2001 testimony from the hearing before the Senate Appropriations Committee, Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, and State


April 30, 2000

Using Research and Development to Grow State Economies

Technology industries are driving the new economy. States that position themselves to take advantage of this changing economic environment will realize its benefits; those that do not will see a widening income gap and declining revenue base. Growing state economies in this new century will require building a strong R&D base to support the burgeoning technology industries. To participate fully in the new economy, states should take several actions.


April 30, 2000

Growing New Businesses with Seed and Venture Capital: State Experiences and Options

This report identifies strategies specifically designed to develop seed and venture capital for entrepreneurs that have shown promising results in states throughout the nation.


April 27, 2000

Building State Economies by Promoting University-Industry Technology Transfer

This report examines the importance of state universities' patent and licensing agreements to economic development plans and provides policymakers with strategies for promoting so-called university-industry technology transfer.


February 27, 2000

Governance in the New Economy

The National Governors Association's Governance in the New Economy examines the forces shaping the U.S. economy and influencing American governance. It identifies guiding principles and new models to restructure the partnership between the states and the federal government to better serve citizens and businesses in the twenty-first century.


February 25, 2000

State Strategies for the New Economy

As the new economy brings change and new prospects to individuals, it also brings challenges and opportunities to institutions. In particular, state government needs to transform itself to provide a supportive environment for businesses and citizens to prosper.


February 02, 2000

States Face Increased Expenditures for Pharmaceuticals

Experts predict that increases in pharmaceutical spending will continue. This Issue Brief summarizes two studies that addressed the causes, trends, and the impact on state Medicaid and employee health plans.


February 01, 2000

Telecommunications Tax Policies: Implications For The Digital Age

This paper emphasizes the importance of the telecommunications industry in the new economy, and argues that industry-specific taxes do not make sense in a competitive telecommunications environment.


January 24, 2000

Extra Learning Opportunities That Encourage Healthy Lifestyles

This Issue Brief examines eight programs that encourage healthy behaviors and improve student learning.


October 24, 1999

Addressing Substance Abuse, Mental Health, and Domestic Violence Barriers

To help individuals with substance abuse, mental health, and domestic violence barriers succeed at work, states must ensure that adequate treatment, followup, and other support services are available to clients who are identified as needing help in confronting these employment barriers.


October 24, 1999

Addressing Physical Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, and Mental Health Barriers

Heightened expectations on the part of consumers, increased use of modern service technologies, and newly emerging business trends that value workforce diversity are enabling many people with disabilities to overcome what were once considered more significant barriers to entering the workplace.


August 08, 1999

Results of 1999 Survey of State Policymakers on Extra Learning Opportunities

Extra learning opportunities (ELOs) occur in many places and have many faces. They are the safe havens for children who need a place to go after school until the workday ends, the tutoring programs run by schools, the mentors who meet weekly with students, the summer science camps, and the Saturday soccer games.


February 23, 1999

Including Students with Disabilities in Statewide Assessments and Accountability Systems

Federal law now requires states and school districts to include students with disabilities in assessments and report on the performance of these students. This requirement responds to the evidence that these students are often excluded from education accountability systems, which threatens their opportunity to learn. Decisions about the most appropriate ways for students with disabilities to be included in assessments and the accommodations needed to enable their inclusion are difficult. This Issue Brief looks at the actions Governors and other state policymakers can take to ensure that students with disabilities are included in state and district assessments and accountability systems.


February 09, 1999

States Have Expanded Eligibility Through Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program

This MCH Update reports that states are increasing income eligibility levels for children and pregnant women in order to expand their access to health care. In addition, states are streamlining enrollment procedures to provide health care coverage to their residents.


June 29, 1998

Social Indicators and Public Policy in the Age of Devolution

Excerpts from the report by Brett Brown and Thomas Corbett, (University of Wisconsin-Madison: Institute for Research on Poverty, May 1997).


June 29, 1998

Social Indicators of Child and Family Well-Being

Excerpts from the report by Brett Brown, Gretchen Kirby, and Christopher Botsko (University of Wisconsin-Madison: Institute for Research on Poverty, May 1997)


June 29, 1998

Key National Organizations in Child Care and Family Support

National constituent membership organizations


June 29, 1998

National Indicator Initiatives

Efforts by National Organizations to assess child well-being.


May 31, 1998

Working Out of Poverty: Employment Retention and Career Advancement for Welfare Recipients

State policymakers, program adminstrators, and frontline workers are realizing that a "work first" approach is not simply about placing welfare recipients in entry-level jobs.


May 18, 1998

Tracking Welfare Reform: Designing Followup Studies of Recipients Who Leave Welfare

A report including studies that provides critical early feedback to state policymakers and program administrators on whether the welfare reforms adopted by a state are working, and whether modifications need to be made in the programs to ensure that families move successfully from welfare to work.


May 07, 1998

State-Federal Agreements Enhance Oil Spill Protection Programs

States have used memorandums of agreement with US EPA to increase the efficiency of their oil spill prevention, preparedness, and response programs. This paper examines common provisions of such agreements, including specific langauge from four state-federal MOAs.


April 14, 1998

An Update on State Workforce Development Reforms

This issue brief describes state workforce development system-building reforms and the role of state employment and training agencies in welfare reform.


August 07, 1997

NGA Budget Reconciliation Summary of Welfare Provisions

As part of the budget reconciliation package, the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (formerly H.R. 2015) included several provisions pertaining to welfare. The President signed the legislation into law on August 5, 1997.


June 05, 1997

Learning from State and Local Initiatives for Young Children

This Issue Brief summarizes the challenges that state and local officials encountered in developing, implementing, and sustaining comprehensive programs for children, as well as the insights they learned in meeting those challenges.


January 14, 1997

Restructuring and Reinventing State Workforce Development Systems

This StateLine provides an overview of state efforts to build more coherent workforce development systems. It is based on a survey conducted in 1996.


July 23, 1996

Implementing a Vision for America's Children

This Issue Brief highlights the lessons learned from a special policy forum held in 1995 to explore the steps needed to fundamentally change the way that government supports children and their families and the way that stakeholders work together to achieve common goals.


May 18, 1995

By the Bucket: Achieving Results for Children

This Issue Brief offers a conceptual framework for thinking about how states can begin the process of improving results for young children and their families by focusing on enhanced accountability.


Trends in State Implementation of the Common Core State Standards: Educator Effectiveness

Governors play a critical role in ensuring teachers and principals are prepared to support students in meeting the expectations of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for K-12 English language arts/literacy and mathematics, according to a new issue brief released by the National Governors Association.


Trends in State Implementation of the Common Core State Standards: Communication

Trends in State Implementation of the Common Core State Standards: Communications, the second brief in a four-part series on CCSS implementation, focuses on communicating the need for, and a vision of, reform.


Trends in State Implementation of the Common Core State Standards: Making the Shift to Better Tests

The National Governors Association released an issue brief examining states’ challenges and progress in creating and launching assessments aligned with the Common Core State Standards.


Advance America: A Commitment to Quality Education

The 2013 Governors Education Symposium, co-hosted by the NGA Center and the Hunt Institute, focused on college- and career-training ready standards, building coalitions, effective teachers and leaders, and reallocating resources to improve achievement and attainment.