Daniel Haines, the eighteenth and twentieth governor to serve New Jersey, was born in New York City on January 6, 1801. His early education was attained at an academy in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and later he attended Princeton University, where he graduated in 1820. He went on to study law, and was admitted to the bar in 1826. By 1837 he became a sergeant-at-arms, which entitled him to practice before the New Jersey Supreme Court. Haines first entered politics as a local advocate of Andrew Jackson in the 1824 election. From 1839 to 1840 he served as a member of the New Jersey State Senate. Haines next won election to the governorship in 1843, after which Charles C. Stratton succeeded him. He was again elected governor in 1847. During his first tenure, a new state constitution was adopted, changing the governor's term from one-year to a three-year term. It also changed the election of a governor to a popular vote. During his last term, his efforts were focused on reforming the educational and penal systems. After retiring from the governorship, Haines served on the New Jersey Supreme Court bench, a position he held from 1852 to 1866. In 1868 he secured an appointment to revise prison systems in New Jersey and other states. He also served as vice president of the U.S. National Prison Association in 1872. Governor Daniel Haines, who was co-counsel with Daniel Webster on the Goodyear patent case, passed away on January 26, 1877. He was buried in the North Hardyston Cemetery in Hardyston, New Jersey.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.
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