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Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
New Mexico

Gov. Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca

  • January 1, 1917 - February 18, 1917
  • Democratic
  • November 1, 1864
  • February 18, 1917
  • New Mexico
  • Las Vegas College
  • Married Margarita C. De Baca; nine children
  • Pronounced Dead in Office


EZEQUIEL C. DE BACA was born in Las Vegas, New Mexico, on November 1, 1864. His early education was attained in parochial schools of his hometown, and later he attended the Las Vegas College. Before entering politics, he worked as a teacher and a postal clerk, as well as a journalist for the La Voz del Pueblo, a weekly Spanish newspaper. De Baca first entered politics as the deputy clerk of the San Miguel County District Court. He also served as a delegate to the 1900 Democratic National Convention; was board chairman of the New Mexico Asylum for the Insane from 1912 to 1916; and served as the lieutenant governor of New Mexico from 1912 to 1917. De Baca next secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by popular vote on November 7, 1916. Six weeks after his inauguration, Governor De Baca became seriously ill, and passed away on February 18, 1917. He was buried in the Mount Calvary Cemetery in Las Vegas, New Mexico.


* Governor Ezequil C. DeBaca Papers, 1906-1932 (bulk 1916-1917) (official and personal papers)

The Political Graveyard

Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.

The University of New Mexico

* Finding aid available at New Mexico Commission of Public Records.

For more information please contact the New Mexico State Archives at 505-476-7948 or

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