FREDERICK ROBIE, the thirty-ninth governor of Maine, was born in Gorham, Maine on August 12, 1822. His education was attained at the Gorham Academy, at Bowdoin College, where he graduated in 1841, and at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, where he earned his medical degree in 1844. He established several successful medical practices, first in Biddeford, Maine, then in Waldoboro, Maine, and eventually in his hometown of Gorham. During the Civil War, he secured an appointment as the paymaster of the U.S. Volunteers. He served with the Army of Potomac from 1861 to 1863, was the chief paymaster of the Department of New England in Boston in 1863, and later served in Maine administering the final payments of discharged soldiers. Robie entered politics in 1866, serving as a member of the Maine State Senate, a position he held until 1867. He also served as a member of the Maine House of Representatives from 1868 to 1878, was speaker of the house in 1872 and 1876, and served as a member of the governor’s executive council in 1880 and from 1881 to 1882. Robie won the 1882 Republican gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by a popular vote. He was reelected to a second term in 1884. His tenure started a thirty year Republican reign in state government. After completing his term, Robie left office on January 5, 1887, and retired from politics. He stayed active, returning to his duties in his medical practice, and serving on several boards such as, the First National Bank of Portland and the Portland and Rochester Railroad Company. Governor Frederick Robie passed away on February 3, 1912, and was buried somewhere in Gorham, Maine.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 2, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.