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John Garland Pollard

Gov. John Garland Pollard

  • January 15, 1930 - January 16, 1934
  • Democratic
  • August 4, 1871
  • April 28, 1937
  • Virginia
  • Richmond College, George Washington University
  • Married twice--Grace Phillips, Violet Elizabeth McDougall; four children by his first wife


JOHN GARLAND POLLARD was born in King and Queen County, Virginia. He attended Richmond College and received an LL.B. from Columbian (now George Washington) University Law School in 1893. He practiced law in Richmond for several decades and was involved as well in various banking enterprises. He was Chairman of the Virginia Commission on Uniform State Laws from 1902 to 1907. He also served simultaneously as Attorney General of Virginia and a member of the State Board of Education from 1913 to 1917. After a failed bid for the governorship, he became involved with war welfare work in France and Germany in 1918 and 1919, after which he was appointed a member of the War Department’s Board of Contract Adjustment, organized to settle disputed war claims. He was also a member of the Federal Trade Commission in 1920-21. He then taught at the College of William and Mary before running again for governor, this time successfully. Serving as governor during the Depression, he instituted an economy program that included a ten-percent reduction in his own salary. After leaving office, Pollard was appointed chairman of the U.S. Board of Veterans’ Appeals, serving in that capacity until his death. He was also president of the Children’s Home Society of Virginia from 1901 to 1920, president of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, and chief sponsor of the Virginia Art Commission. Pollard authored A Connotary: Definitions Not Found in Dictionaries, Collected from the Sayings of the Wise and Otherwise (1935)


Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 4. Westport, CT: Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 31 New York: James T. White & Company.

John Garland Pollard Papers. Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library, College of William and Mary, P.O. Box 8794, Williamsburg, VA  23187-8794.

Library of Virginia, Virginia Governor, Executive Papers (1930-1934: Pollard).  Accession 23344a.  Biographical/Historical Note. State Government Records Collection, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA  23219.

Salmon, Emily and Edward D. C. Campbell, Jr.  Hornbook of Virginia History. 4th ed. Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1994.

Younger, Edward and Moore, James Tice, eds. The Governors of Virginia, 1860-1978. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1982.

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