Sufficient federal funding to clean up the U.S. nuclear weapons complex is a priority for states that host or are affected by the 17 sites still engaged in active cleanup of the environmental legacy of Cold War–era nuclear weapons production. Setting Site-Specific Priorities in the Federal Budget Process for Cleanup of Nuclear Weapons Waste: Opportunities for State Engagement focuses on the opportunities for state engagement at each stage of the budget process and suggests how states can ensure that site budgets incorporate state input and priorities.