ABNER COBURN, the thirtieth governor of Maine, was born in Old Canaan, (Skowhegan today) Maine on March 22, 1803. His education was limited, and attained at the Bloomfield Academy, and in the common schools of his native state. Coburn established a successful career as a surveyor, and became one of the largest and wealthiest property-owners in the state. He entered politics in 1838, serving as a member of the Maine House of Representatives, a position he was reelected to in 1840 and 1844. He also was instrumental in founding the state’s Republican Party in 1854; he served as a member of the governor’s executive council in 1855 and 1857, and was a presidential elector in 1860. Coburn won the Republican gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by a popular vote in 1862. He was inaugurated into office on January 7, 1863. During his tenure, the state’s war effort was carried out promptly and efficiently. After completing his term, Coburn left office on January 6, 1864, and retired from public service. He stayed active in his various business interests, as well as serving on several boards. Governor Abner Coburn passed away on January 4, 1885.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 2, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.