ENOS T. THROOP, the twelfth governor of New York, was born in Johnstown, New York on August 21, 1784. His education was limited and attained in the common schools of his native state. However, he went on to study law, and in 1806 was admitted to the bar. After establishing his legal career in Auburn, Throop entered into politics. He first served as clerk of Cayuga County, a position he held from 1811 to 1815. He also served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1815 to 1816; and was the lieutenant governor of New York in 1829. On March 5, 1829 Governor Martin Van Buren resigned from office, and Throop, who was the lieutenant governor at the time, assumed the duties of the governorship. He was elected to his own gubernatorial term in 1830. During his tenure, the state’s first insane asylum was founded; and a devastating cholera epidemic was dealt with. After completing his term, Throop secured an appointment to serve as the naval officer for the Port of New York, a post he held from 1833 to 1838. He also served as Charge d’ Affaires to the Kingdom of Two Sicilies from 1838 to 1842. Governor Enos T. Throop passed away on November 1, 1874, and was buried in the St. Peter’s Churchyard in Auburn, New York.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.