FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, the forty-eighth governor of New York and the longest serving U.S. president, was born in Hyde Park, New York on January 30, 1882. His education was attained at Groton School, at Harvard University, where he graduated in 1904, and then at Columbia University, where he studied law. He established his legal career in New York City, and then entered into local and later national politics. His first political office was to the New York State Senate, a position he held from 1911 to 1913. From 1913 to 1920 he was the assistant secretary of the U.S. Navy. Roosevelt next secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by a popular vote on November 6, 1928. He was reelected to a second term in 1930. During his tenure, an old age security bill was sanctioned; the port of Albany was completed; and the New York temporary emergency relief administration was organized. In November 1932, Roosevelt won election to the U.S. presidency. He went on to win reelection to three more terms, leading the country during some of its most challenging times. Roosevelt served in the White House until April 12, 1945, when he succumbed to a cerebral hemorrhage. Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was the author of several books, was buried at the Roosevelt Home in Hyde Park, New York.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.