JOHN QUINCY ADAMS BRACKETT, the thirty-eighth governor of Massachusetts, was born in Bradford, New Hampshire on June 8, 1842. His education was attained at Harvard University, where he earned his undergraduate degree in 1865, and three years later, earned a law degree. After establishing a legal practice in Boston, Brackett served as a judge advocate in the First Brigade of the Massachusetts militia. He first entered politics as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, a position he held from 1877 to 1882 and 1884 to 1887. He also served as house speaker from 1885 to 1887, and served as the lieutenant governor of Massachusetts from 1887 to 1890. Brackett next secured the Republican gubernatorial nomination, and then went on to win election to the governorship on November 5, 1889. During his tenure, legislative biennial elections were supported; prison and tax reform legislation was advocated; and the strengthening of liquor laws was promoted. After running unsuccessfully for reelection, Brackett left office on January 8, 1891. He stayed politically active, serving as a delegate to the 1892 Republican National Convention. Governor John Quincy Adams Brackett passed away on April 6, 1918.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 2, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.