JOSEPH A. GILMORE, the thirty-seventh governor of New Hampshire, was born in Weston, Vermont on June 10, 1811. His education was attained in the commons schools of his native state. After working in the mercantile industry in Boston, Gilmore moved to Concord, New Hampshire, where he established a successful wholesale grocery business. He also became involved with the Concord and Claremont Railroad, serving first as a construction agent, and later as the railroad superintendent. Gilmore first entered politics as a member of the New Hampshire State Senate, a position he held from 1858 to 1860, and from which he also served as senate president in 1859. He next secured the Republican gubernatorial nomination, and was elected governor by a popular vote in 1863. He was reelected to a second term in 1864. During his tenure, most of his efforts were consumed by the war; and a loan was secured that provided payments to soldiers, as well as for the transporting of soldiers on furloughs. After completing his term, Gilmore retired from political life. Governor Joseph A. Gilmore passed away on April 7, 1867, and was buried in the Mt. Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.