JOHN TAYLER, the sixth governor of New York, was born in New York City on July 4, 1742. His education was limited and attained in the common schools of his native state. He became a successful businessman, with holdings in the mercantile, farming, and lumber industries. Tayler first entered politics as a member of the Provincial Congress, a position he held from 1776 to 1777. He served as a member of the Council of Safety in 1777; and was a member of the New York Assembly from 1777 to 1779, 1780 to 1781 and 1785 to 1787. He also served in the New York State Senate from 1801 to 1802 and 1804 to 1813; and was the lieutenant governor of New York in 1811 and 1813 to 1822. On February 24, 1817 Governor Daniel D. Tompkins resigned from office, and Tayler, who was the lieutenant governor at the time, assumed the duties of the governorship. He served in this capacity until July 1, 1817, when he then returned to his duties in the lieutenant governor’s office. Governor John Tayler passed away on March 19, 1829 in Albany, New York.
Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 3, Westport, Conn.; Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols.