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Thomas Mann Randolph

Gov. Thomas Mann Randolph

  • December 11, 1819 - December 11, 1822
  • Democratic-Republican
  • October 1, 1768
  • June 20, 1828
  • Virginia
  • College of William and Mary and University of Edinburgh
  • Married Martha Jefferson; eleven children
  • Representative
  • Army


THOMAS MANN RANDOLPH was born at Tuckahoe in Goochland County, Virginia and educated at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg and at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a member of the Virginia Senate in 1793 and 1794 and the U.S. House of Representatives from 1803 to 1807. After serving as a Colonel in both the Virginia Militia and the Twentieth U.S. Infantry during the War of 1812, he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates for a single session and was then chosen by the state legislature to serve three one-year terms as governor. Also during his administration, a colony was founded in Texas by Stephen Austin, a native of Wythe County, Virginia. After leaving office, Randolph served two additional terms in the Virginia House of Delegates. He is said to have died from exposure after giving his cloak to a beggar on the highway. His father-in-law, Thomas Jefferson, called him “a man of science, sense, virtue, and competence.”


Gaines, William H Jr. Thomas Mann Randolph, Jefferson’s Son-in-Law. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.

Garraty, John A. and Carnes, Mark C., eds. American National Biography, Volume 18. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Library of Virginia, Virginia Governor, Executive Papers (1819-1822: Randolph). Accession 41887. State Government Records Collection, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA 23219.

Library of Virginia. Thomas M. Randolph. Letter, 1804-1818. Accession 18760. Personal Papers Collection, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA 23219.

Malone, Dumas, ed. Dictionary of American Biography, Volume XV. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1943.

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Vol. 5. New York: James T. White & Company.

Smith, Margaret Vowell. Virginia, 1492-1892: A History of the Executives. Washington, D.C.: W. H. Lowdermilk & Co., 1893.

Sobel, Robert, and John Raimo, eds. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. 4. Westport, CT: Meckler Books, 1978. 4 vols

Tyler, Lyon Gardiner. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Vol. II. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1998.

Virginia Biographical Dictionary, Vol. 2. St. Clair Shores, MI: Somerset Publishers, Inc.

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